SOC 200 Exam 2

kidokoba's version from 2016-03-16 02:32


Question Answer
alienationseparation of a person from the product of their labor
commoditysomething bought or sold
species beingcreative, authentic self
materialismtheory that the physical world is primary
mode of productionsystem of organizing labor
division of laborthe organization of work into separate spheres of activity
dominant ideologythe ruling ideas of every time period are the ideas of the ruling class
labor theory of valuevalue of a commodity in relation to labor put in
use-valueutility of an object
exchange valuemarket value of a product
absolute surplus valuevalue produced by extending the work day
relative surplus valueprofit generated by speeding up the work day
class struggleconflict between opposing classes that is a driving force in history
class polarizationgrowing concentration of people into 2 classes
globalizationspread of capitalism throughout the world
revolutionoverthrow of the mode of production
bourgeoisieowners of the means of production
proletariatworking class
powerrealization of your will against resistance
classproperty ownership and/or market situation
status groupcommunity based on honor
partygroup organized around a common goal
protestant ethicideas about making money and avoiding pleasure that facilitate the rise of capitalism
callingtrue aim/purpose in life
idealismideas give rise to material relations
ideal typea pure example of a concept for analytical purposes
inner-worldly asceticismavoidance of pleasure for the purpose of salvation
authorityability to get others to do what you want
bureaucracyorganizational form in which authority is impersonal and organized through a set of rules and duties
rationalizationthe process of the spread of bureaucracies throughout social life
rational/legal authorityability to get people to do what you want based on rules or laws
traditional authorityability to get people to do what you want based on established beliefs
charismatic authorityability to get people to do what you want based on personality or dynamism
egoistic suicidesuicide that's caused by a lack of meaning
integrationsocial control and solidarity that links us to society
altruistic suicidesuicide due to too much integration
anomic suicidesuicide resulting from a lack of regulation
anomiea lack of regulation
mechanical solidaritysocietal integration is based on the co-dependent functioning of units
organic solidaritysocietal integration based on the complementary, interdependent functioning of units

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