Small mammal ALL for quiz- rats, mice, chins, gpig, hams, gerbils, oddballs 1

kelseyfmeyer's version from 2015-11-03 14:35

The chance of a TQ is high with this one, young padawan (i gave up writing TQ, just know it's important, yo)

Question Answer
TQ which two can get hepatic lipidosis?hedgehogs and prairie dogs (lol it rhymes) (fat hogs n dogs)
TQ What is the main problem causing disease and illness and exotic animals?husbandry
TQ Which animal has 2 uteri and 2 vaginas?SG
TQ Sugar Glider comes in with paresis of rear limbs, incoordination, diarrhea and blindness. What would you suspect?Nutritional Fibrous Osteodystrophy **#1 thing you see in sugar gliders
TQ What animal carries Monkey Pox and The Plague!?prairie dogs--> and BOTH are zoonotic!
TQ When are guinea pigs most active? what is this called?DAWN AND DUSK--> crepuscular (i eat a snickers at dawn and dusk)
TQ What vitamin do Guinea Pigs need to have (from external source)?Ascorbic Acid - Vitamin C
TQ What % of the Guinea pigs intestine is colon!?60%!!! (small horse!!) (so, horsemeat and gpig meat)
TQ If Guinea pigs are able to utilize coprophagy as they should... what is the GI transit time?66hrs!
TQ What is the post partum estrus in a Guinea Pig? (time)2-10hr
TQ Your owner comes in and wants to breed their Guinea pigs. Her female Guinea pig is 4 months old. What do you recommend.breed them quick!! The Pelvic Symphisis will Close at 6 months!
TQ What can you determine with an Increased ALT in Guinea pigs?not much-- NOT a sensitive or specific marker for Hepatocyte injury
which animal is ALT levels basically useless in?Gpigs (gpigs are an ALT food source)
TQ hypercholesterolemia is common in who?Gpigs (If youre a pig you'll get high chlosterol)
TQ What pirate disease do Guinea Pigs get related to Hypovitaminosis C?scurvy
TQ Guinea pig comes in and is tearing itself to pieces! It’s SOOO itchy!! What Ectoparasite would you check for?Trixacarus caviae is a ZOONOTIC!!!! mite which causes Intense pruritus, excoriation of back and shoulders, alopecia. It will be so puritic it will look like it is having seizures. recc tx is a LIME SULFUR DIP because some are resistant to ivermectin. (the pig isnt doing trix, it's nearly seizing from the itch!)
TQ avg lifepan of a hamster?2yr
TQ What is the most common cause of death in the aged hamster?amyloidosis
TQ if a ham has Lymphocytic choriomeningitis virus (Arenavirus) what should you totally tell the owners to do?THROW AWAY ENCLOSURE! ZOONOTIC!!
Lymphocytic choriomeningitis virus in who, and what should you know?hams, ZOONOTIC
The 2-4wk old hamsters have dome shaped crania, potbelly, testicular atrophy, incisor discoloration, and malformation. What do you suspect?hamster parvovirus (Parvo dome)
In who are ovarian tumors benign? in who are they malig?benign: hamsters. Malig: gerbils (you'd hope the one with M in the name is the one thats malig, but it's the opposite of course)
If your client wants to breed hamsters... what should she know about the males?REMOVE THEM or the female will eat him and her young. (The ham will have ham for dinner)
which sm mammal is really sensitive to high temps?chinchillas! even though theyre desert. think about that coat, yo
Which animal has the “Harderian Gland”?ratties and mousies (they are stigmatized the most so they cry tears of blood! or at least that's what it looks like)
where's the harderian gland, in who, what does it secrete?behind eye in rats/mice, produces porphyrin and lipid rich secretion (looks like red tears/nasal discharge)
If you see a SQ mass on Rat / Mouse what type of tumor is it, until proven otherwise?MAMMARY GLAND TUMOR mouse and rat mammary
What is the most common cause of resp dz. in mice and rats? what's on the ddx though?MYCOPLASMA (mouse watching a plasma screen will get outta breath.) DDX: SENDAI VIRUS (sendai my sempai has a cough)


Question Answer
why are rodents prone to heat stress?cant sweat, cant pant
which rodents have ALL teeth grow continuously?chinchillas, gpigs (the pig had its teeth all over it's chin)
who has longer lower incisors than upper incisors, and what should you know?rat/mouse- DONT clip them just bc theyre longer! (also they are behind the maxillaries) (charles had weird incisors)
Chronic Progressive Nephropathy in who, and what tx/helps?rats, restrict calorie and protein intake (progressive and fatal---males over 1 yr. PU/PD, proteinuria, Hydrothorax and ascites in advanced stages) (rat kidney pie is no good)
what is the Whitten effect?Female mice housed in large groups may not cycle (whitteny's mice are all jealous prudes)
whos the only one you can pre-anesthetically fast?G-pigs--The fasting decreases mechanical compression of lungs and diaphragm and dec chances of vomiting. (theyre pigs so they have some stores)
who isnt seasonsally polyestrous, but is polyestrous?rats/mice, gpigs, gerbils (slight winter depression) (GG rat(andmouse) love polyester in ALL seasons)
spontaneous ovulation?rats/mice, gpig, gerbil
what is the bruce effect?in mice/rats, females may not implant if exposed to a strange male (bruce is like a walking abortion clinic)
who vomits?gpigs (this is why you can fast them)
rodents in general: which gender is usually more agressive, and what is the exception?agression more common between males.... except for female hamsters
when do you see harderian gland secretions, (who?) and how can you make sure they arent blood?(mice rats), see when they are stressed/dz....the secretion will fluoresce under a woods lamp
which rodent has WHITE incisors, instead of orangeish like the rest?G-pigs (for being pigs they keep their teeth quite clean)
Sialodacryoadenitis Virus (what kinda virus?) affects who? what basics to know?RATS, corona virus (affects head structures where the crown would be), it's an inflammation of the salivary glands, cervical LNs, and Harderian gland (think of ratatouille with huge saliva glands bc of all the yummy food)
who does barbering, and what is this?mice, the dominant mouse will chew off the fur of the submissive mice
who DONT you sex with AG distance? in which case, what do you do?Gpigs, (If you look at their genitals, it's like a Y, if there is a dot above the Y, thats a boy, because the dot is the prepuce. You can also apply digital pressure above the prepuce to exteriorize the penis, or palpate the os penis through the skin.) (I asked the piggie Y it had no AG distance. it didn't reply)
if using AG distance to sex, which is the longer distance- males or females?males are longer. (just think about taints)
sendai virus affects who, which system affected?MOUSE/RAT (technically you can serologically test for it in hamsters, but ehhhh). It is a RESP VIRUS (fatal in young, adults will recover)-- DDX of mycoplasma
all these guys have a ___ inguinal ring which means you need to do a ___ castrationopen, closed
males DONT HAVE NIPPLES except in which spp?gpig, hamster (pigs, ie ham, is full of nipples)
who gets mycoplasma and how does it present?rats/mice, respiratory dz
Yellowing, dry scaly tail, brown secretions at base of hair in a rat is something you see with..old age
who gets rotavirus (and age?), and how does it present?neonatal mice, GI diarrhea-- usually end up being fine
best chance to get rats/mice that get along is if you... (2)raise littermates together, introduce before weaning
most common tumor of MICE? most common tumor of RATS? (progs?)mice: adenocarcinoma (poor prog). Rats: fibroadenoma (good prog) (both can get both tho, obv) (mice taste like glands, rats are too fiberous for my taste but are better for you)
which injection routes are most preferred for mice/rats?IV injections may be difficult, use intraperitoneal or subcutaneous routes instead
Mouse Hepatitis Virus. What kinda virus is this? Age affected? what are the clinical signs?this is a corona virus (corona is bad for your liver) which affects neonates. you will see WASTING because of severe enteritis--> diarrhea, dehydration, jaundice. There will be no milk in the GI tract and the pups will be small. (also the liver looks all messed up)
where can you find mammary tumors in rats or mice?can be found anywhere on the body in females OR males (the glands have wide distribution including the back)
RATS--> resp. dz. what are the 4 most likely agents?Mycoplasma pulmonis, Streptococcus pneumoniae, Corynebacterium kutscheri, Cilia-associated Respiratory Bacillus (CAR).
2 uterine horns and 2 cervices?chinchillas (double chin, double cervix)
Vaginal closure membrane in who?chin, gpig (my chin plugs the pigs vagina......ew)
SKIN SLIP in who?chinchillas (they practically give you that fur coat!)
who are the obligate nose breathers?chinchillas and prairie dogs (chins breathe from their nose, dawg)
how often should you give your chin a dust bath? what happens if there are too many dust baths?1-2 times a week. Too many dust baths can lead to conjunctivitis and dermatitis
who has the problem of elongates tooth roots? describe how this is a vicious cycleCHINCHILLAS. low fiber diet leads to less chewing, which causes abnormal wear and tooth elongation, teeth are forced apically (they cant grow down anymore) which leads to bone remodeling and tooth root dysplasia, leading to FURTHER elongation (Teeth can be seen to curve into sinuses, below jaw line, and even into orbits). this all results in an inability to chew properly ----> slobbers, and/or secondary abscesses
which systemic funal infection are chins prone to?histoplasmosis (histo on my chin would be very gross)
hymenolepis nana--> what is this? who gets this? what should you know?ZOONOTIC TAPEWORM!!!! Chins, hams, gerbil (CHG down a glass of refreshing hymen worms and enjoy your infection)
If you have a herpes cold sore, which rodent shouldn't you kiss?chinchillas are susceptible to this (herpes sore on your chin)
If your chin is in late gestation and suddenly dies, what do you think happened?Pulmonary trophoblastic emboli
three main causes of neuro problems in chins?encephalitis, lead poisoning (they chew everything), and heatstroke
which ones need a SOLID cage floor?chins (sensitive skin babies), gpigs (so basically two of the big ones)
who are the loners?hams, hedgehogs (honers the loners)
where DO YOU NOT DRAW BLOOD FROM in the chinchilla?Cr. vena cava
what are three reasons a chin might be chewing its fur?thyroid dz, giardia, behavioral
DO NOT USE METRONIDAZOLE IN WHO?chinchillas (a metro will destroy your chin so bad you wont have a face)
hindgut fermentors? (3 or 4)chinchilla, gpig, prairie dogs, sugar gliders (i think)
nocturnalsrats, chinchillas, hamsters, sugar gliders, hedgehogs
crepusculargpigs (gpig is what Archer had to feed to his crepuscular ocelot)
dirunalgerbils (have crepuscular tendencies though), prairie dogs
slobbers usually is because of a problem with?malocclusion
usually a dust bath for a chin is about 10-15 minutes. Which one is much shorter, and what?volcanic ash is only 3-4 minutes, because it's more irritating
what is the normal pH and USG of chin urine?Urine pH 8.5 with S.G. >1.045 (JUST KNOW its very basic and the USG is very high normally) (desert sp, also herbivorous so basic urine)
explain how choke/bloat can happen in chins, and how we can help treat thishappens like in horses, with excess treats, or clover- it is basically clinical colic. To help, you can feed the chin Pineapple, papaya, fluids, and motility suppl. (pineapple and papaya have enzymes to break down the blocked up stuff)
what causes Conjunctivitis in gpigs, and how do you tx it?Chlamydiophila caviae, NO tx, will spontaneously resolve in 2-3 weeks
our two explosive escapers are?gpigs and chins
who do you basically ignore ALT levels in?gpigs-- not sensitive for liver damage
what signal do gpigs give when theyre in estrus?they show lordosis (sway their back) as a copulatory reflex
who gets scurvy/hypovitaminosis C?gpigs ( lack the enzyme L-gulonolactase oxidase)