Skin Chapter

heyguysitsclaire's version from 2016-01-27 20:20

Section 1

Question Answer
subcutanus tissuebeneath the dermis, tissue and fat
sudoriferous glandstemperature regulation by releasing sweat
stratum corneumprotective cells that produce melanin to color skin and protect again sunburn
stratum basalegrowing layer, deepest layer, new skin cells as skin cells rise they die. fill with keratin
eponychium cuticle, extension of the skin into the nail
lunulalight half moon section of the nail
cutaneous pertaining to the skin
dermislayer between epidermis and subcutaneous layer. connective, nerves, blood vessels, lymphatics, supports and nourishes skin
keratinprotein that thickens and toughens the skin and makes up hair and nails
melaninpigment that gives color to hair and skin and protects skin against the suns radiation
dermatologystudy of skin and skin stuff
skin should be checked fortexture, temperature, moisture, firmness and tenderness

Section 2

Question Answer
dehiscencedistruption of the wound layers
eviscerationprotrusion of internal organs through the lesions
exudatefluids and cells that drain from wounds as they heal
sanguinousbloody exudate
purulentpus containing exudate
cicatrizationscar formation resulting from stitches or sutures used to heal deep wounds
keloidspermanent scaring
VACvacuum assisted closure
debridementremoval of dead or damaged tissue from a wound. cutting or scrubbing.
escharotomysurgery to remove thick, dark crust or scab
BSAbody surface area
superficial burnepidermis only. red and dry skin. minimal pain. sunburn/short heat exposure. 1st degree
superficial partial thickness burnepidermis and portion of dermis. Tissue reddens and blisters and is painful. severe sunburn/scalding
deep partial thickness burnepidermis and dermis. blistered w/ weeping surface or dry due to sweat gland damage. Less painful than superficial bc of nerve damage. scalding/exposure to flame/grease. 2nd degree
full thickness burnfull skin and sometimes subcutanus tissue and underlying tissue. broken dry and pale or charred. may result in loss of digits or limbs. 3rd degree
rule of ninesareas of bsa assigned percentages in multiples of nines

Section 3

Question Answer
pressure ulcernecrotic skin lesions. skin that covers bony projections. interrupts circulation. poor health malnutrition age obesity and infection. first appear as redness, if ignored, may penetrate skin and underlying muscle
psoriasis chronic overgrowth of the epidermis resulting in large/red/silvery scales. cause u/k. cured by topical agents/phototherapy/supression of the imune system
lupus erythematosus chronic inflammatory autoimmune disease of connective tissue. skin and other organs. systemic LE women more than men. asians and blacks. rough raised papules worsened by UV radiation in sunlight
sclerodermathickening and tightening of the skin. fibrosis of the dermis b/c of collagen overproduction. early sign raynaud disease
squamous cell carcinomapainless firm red nodule or plaque. surface scales/ulceration/crusting. tends not to metastasize. surgical removal/chemo/x-irradiation
basal cell carcinomaconstitutes more than 75% of all skin cancers. cure rate greater than 95%. smooth pearly papule
malignant melanomaovergrowth of melanocytes. worst form of skin cancer due to tendency to metastasize. lesion variable in color with irregular border. 1-2 years b4 invading deeper skin tissue. chances of cure are good if caught early enough
kaposi sarcomafrequently seen with AIDS. distinct brownish areas on legs. raised and firm as tumor progresses.
albinismhereditary lack of pigment in the skin, hair and eyes
alopecia absence or loss of hair; baldness
comedoplug of sebum, often containing bacteria, in a hair follicle or blackhead
dermatophytosis fungal infection of the skin, especially between the toes; athletes foot
diaphoresis profuse sweating
hemangiomabenign tumor of blood vessel; in the skin, called birth marks or port wine stains
keratosisany skin condition marked by thickened or horny growth
senile lentiginesbrown macules that appear on sun exposed skin in adults; liver spots
shinglesacute eruption of vesicles along the bath of a nerve; herpes zoster; same virus that causes chicken pox
venous stasis ulcer ulcer caused by venous insufficiency and stasis of venous blood; usually forms near the ankel
antipruriticagent that prevents or relieves itching
dermatoplastytransplantation of human skin; skin grafting
skin turgor resistance of the skin to deformation

Recent badges