SK lecture 1

winniesmith2's version from 2018-03-28 15:17

Section 1

Question Answer
What are the 5 functions of bone 1. A scaffold. 2. Protection of soft tissues/organs. 3. Lever for movement. 4. Mineral store of calcium and phosphorous. 5. A store of bone marrow.
Name the types of boneLong bone, short bone, flat bone, irregular bone, sesamoid bone.
What is the axial skeleton made up ofSkull, spine, ribs and sternum.
What is the appendicular skeleton made up ofhip bones, shoulder girdle, all 4 limbs
How many vertebrae does the spine consist of 26
What are the 5 vertebral regions Cervical V(7) Thoracic V(12), lumbar vertebra (5), Sacrum (5 fused), Coccyx (4 fused).
How many vertebrae(V) in the cervical region7
How many vertebrae in the thoracic region12
How many vertebrae in the lumbar region5
How many fused V make up the sacrum 5
How many fused V make up the coccyx4
What is the sternum also known as breastbone
Describe the ribs1-7 are true ribs. 8-12 are false ribs. 11-12 are floating.

Section 2

Question Answer
What makes up the shoulder girdle clavicle and scapula
What makes up the pelvic girdletwo hipbones, sacrum and coccyx.
What are the types of jointfixed, slightly movable, movable synovial joint
example of fixed jointsuture, connecting bones in skull
example of slightly movable jointVertebrae joints
example of movable synovial joint joint between phalanges and metacarpals.
What are the 6 types of synovial joints Hinge, pivot, condyloid, ball & socket, saddle, gliding

Section 3

Question Answer
Hinge (Movement and Examples)M: 1 axis. E: interphalangeal, ankle, elbow (humeroulna)
PivotM: 1 axis. E: Atlanto-axial
CondyloidM: 2 axes E: Wrist (radius & carpals), metacarpophalangeal.
Ball & Socket M: 3 axes E: Hip; glenohumeral (shoulder)
SaddleM: 3 axes E: Thumb: carpometacarpal
Gliding M: Translation E: Carpal bones within the wrist.

Section 4

Question Answer
What are ligaments Very strong bands of fibrous connective tissue, that hold the bones of a joint together.
What are bursaeSmall fluid filled sacks, help to reduce friction in some major joints (such as knee)
What are tendonstough bands of connective tissue joining muscles to bones. Typically attach to bones near joints.