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Signs

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donna17's version from 2017-06-02 22:55

Section 1

Question Answer
Babinski's reflexis dorsiflexion of the big toe upon scratching bottom of the foot. It indicates upper motor neuron dysfunction.
Battle's signis ecchymosis behind the ear associated with basilar skull fracture
Brudzinski's signis flexion of the neck, causing flexion of the legs. It is seen in meningitis
Chvostek's sign is evidenced by tapping over the facial nerve, causing facial twitching in hypocalcemia states
Cullen's sign is bluish color around the umbilicus. It is seen in hemorrhagic pancreatitis.
De Musset's sign is a head bob with each heartbeat, signaling aortic regurgitation
Duroziez's sign is a biphasic femoral murmur heard with mild pressure, indicating aortic insufficiency
Fremitusis a vibration palpated when the patient speaks. Sound is best conducted through solid material; therefore, fremitus is increased in atelectasis and lung tumors. Sound is poorly conducted through air and fluid; therefore, fremitus is decreased in pneumothorax, pleural effusions, and emphysema.
Grey Turner's signis ecchymosis in the flank associated with retroperitoneal bleeding
Hill's sign is accentuated leg systolic pressure <40 mm Hg from brachial artery systolic pressure. It is indicative of severe aortic insufficiency.
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Section 2

Question Answer
Janeway lesionsare slightly raised, irregular, non-tender, erythematous lesions on the palms or soles. they are a possible indication of infective endocarditis.
Kehr's sign is seen in 50% of splenic injuries. Pain is referred to the left shoulder.
Kerley's B linesare seen on chest x-ray films and are indicative of pulmonary edema
Kernig's signis seen with thigh flexed at a right angle; complete extension of the leg is not possible. Seen in meningitis.
McBurney's point is located one third of the distance from the anterior superior iliac spine to the umbilicus. It is tenderness of the site and is associated with appendicitis.
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