Create
Learn
Share

Signs in OBGY

rename
medmaestro's version from 2015-11-28 03:22

SIGNS IN OBGY

signdecsription
Bagel signUltrasonographic sign. Gestational sac in the adnexa with hyperechoic ring
Ball SignRadiological sign of intrauterine fetal death. X-ray shows crumpled up spine of the fetus..
Banana SignUltrasound sign in open spina bifida. Shows abnormal anterior curvature of cerebellum. Due to the associated Arnold-Chiari malformation.(Refer Lemon sign)
Chadwick’s SignBluish hue to the vestibule and anterior vaginal wall. Seen in first trimester of pregnancy. Cause is increased blood flow to the pelvic organs. Also known as Jacquemier’s Sign.
Cullen SignBluish discoloration of skin around umbilicus. Occurs due to intra peritoneal hemorrhage. Seen in ruptured ectopic pregnancy.
Double Bubble SignUseful in prenatal diagnosis of duodenal atresia. Duodenal atresia usually presents with polyhydramnios and produces dilatation of stomach and first part of duodenum
Double decidual sac SignNormal Ultrasonographic appearance of intrauterine gestational sac. Seen as two concentric echogenic rings separated by a hyperechoic space.
memorize

 

Question Answer
Goodell SignMarked softening of the cervix in contrast to non pregnant state. Also due to increased blood flow.
Hegar SignAn indication of Pregnancy. Softening of the lower parts of the uterus enablesapproximation of vaginal and abdominal fingers in bimanual pelvic examination. Vaginal fingers are placed in the posterior fornix and abdominal hand pressed down behind theuterus.
Kustner’s SignSign of placental separation. On pushing the uterus upwards does not move the cord with it due to the separation.
Ladin’s SignSoftening in the midline of the uterus anteriorly at the junction of the uterus and cervix. It occurs at about 6 weeks gestation
Lambda SignUltrasonographic sign seen in dichorionic pregnancies. Due to the chorionic tissue in between the two layers of the membrane between the twins.
Lemon SignUltrasound sign in open spina bifida. Shows abnormal anterior curvature of cerebellum. Due to the associated Arnold-Chiari malformation.(Refer Banana sign)
Osiander’s SignPulsations in the lateral fornix due to the increased vascularity.
memorize

 

Question Answer
Palmer’s SignRegular rhythmic contractions of uterus felt as early as 6-8 weeks . It is a sign of pregnancy.
Piskacek’s SignAsymmetric growth occurs to the uterus in initial stages of pregnancy due to the lateral implantation of the blastocyst. The area of implantation feels soft compared to the other parts.
Robert’s SignRadiological sign of intrauterine fetal death. X-ray shows presence of gas in the fetal great vessels. Earliest radiological sign of intrauterine fetal death.
Schroder’s SignA sign of placental separation. Uterus rises up when the separated placenta is passed downwards.
Spalding SignSign of intrauterine fetal death. Overlapping of skull bones after fetal demise.Observed by ultrasonogrm.
Stallworthy’s SignSlowing of fetal heart rate on pressing the head down to the pelvis and prompt recovery on release of pressure is termed Stallworthy’s sign. This sign is suggestive of posterior placenta praevia.
Stuck Twin SignSeen in twin to twin transfusion syndrome. Due to the severe oligohydramnios smaller twin is held in a fixed position along the uterine wall. This is called stuck twin sign.
‘T’ SignUltrasonographic sign seen in monochromic twins. As the intertwin membrane does not have any chorionic tissue it gives rise to ‘T’ sign in ultrasound.
memorize