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Sexually Transmitted Infections

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lunifer's version from 2017-06-19 00:32

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Sexual Health

Question Answer
definition of abstinencethe term abstinence means delaying and not having sexual activity
list three things to consider before having sex (answers may vary)unplanned pregnancy, sexually transmitted infection, morals/beliefs,
list three reasons teens do not have sex (answers may vary)abstinence for religious/personal beliefs, reduces risk of STIs, avoid upsetting parents
list three poor reasons for having sex (answers may vary)curiosity, improving a relationship, to be popular
what do statistic say about young people and STIs?statistics show that young people who delay first intercourse are more likely to use protection when they choose to be sexually active
list three ways to get a sexually transmitted infectionsexual contact (exchange bodily fluids), sharing items (like needles), female to child (also through breast milk)
what are the ABCs of preventing STIs?Abstain (don't have sex), Be faithful (few partners = lower risk), Condom (use protection)
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Identify the Type

Question Answer
chlamydiabacterial
gonorrheabacterial
syphilisbacterial
HIV/AIDSviral
hepatitis Bviral
hepatitis Cviral
genital wartsviral
herpesviral
crabs (pubic lice)parasitic
scabiesparasitic
vaginitis (yeast)parasitic
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Chlamydia

Question Answer
symptoms appear2-6 weeks after infection
symptomsburning feeling when urinating (both), new or odd vaginal discharge (f), water milky drip from penis (m)
treatmentantibiotics
complicationscan permanently damage reproductive organs and can cause sterility in both sexes, causes infection of eyes and lungs (when being passed down to child),
testingpelvic exam (f), penile swab (m)
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Gonorrhea

Question Answer
symptomswhite/yellow discharge from genitals/anus 3-5 days after sex, painful urination/defecation
complicationscan cause infertility
treatmentantibiotics
testingpelvic exam (f), penile swab (m)
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Syphilis

Question Answer
1st stagecanker sore at infection site
2nd stagerash
3rd stagesif untreated causes heart disease, blindness, brain damage and death
transmissionfemale to child, blood-borne bacteria, sexual intercourse, sharing needles/personal hygiene items
treatmentantibiotics
testingblood test
complicationsbabies born with it have birth defects and often die
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HIV and AIDS

Question Answer
symptomsnone for 8-11 years, then failing immune system comes
transmissionsexual intercourse, blood contamination, pregnancy, delivery and breastfeeding
testingblood test
treatmentno vaccine/true cure, can slow progression using drugs cocktails, HIV+ females who are treated during pregnancy reduce the risk of passing down the virus to 6%
complicationsdrugs can kill you, failure to follow regimen, infections and cancers take advantage of weakened immune system
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Hepatitis B

Question Answer
symptoms appear2-6 months after contact
symptomsnausea, vomiting, poor appetite, headache, jaundice (yellow skin)
testingblood test
treatmentno cure
complicationserious liver disease
transmissionsexual intercourse, sharing needles, pregnancy
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Hepatitis C

Question Answer
symptoms appear6-8 weeks after contact
symptomssimilar to Hep B
transmissionsexual intercourse, sharing needles, pregnancy
testingblood test
complicationsliver cancer, cirrhosis
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Genital Warts

Question Answer
symptomsfleshy, grouped warts around penis/anus/vagina
how contagiousextremely contagious
transmissionskin to skin contact
treatmentantibiotics
complicationsanal warts = greater chance of anal cancer, is linked with cervical cancer in females
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Herpes Simplex

Question Answer
symptomsitching/tingling in genital area, symptoms may not appear for years, clusters of tiny blisters burst and are painful for weeks
treatmentno cure
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Crabs (pubic lice)

Question Answer
symptomsitchy genital area
transmissionperson to person contact, contaminated sheets, linens, towels or clothing
treatmentlotions, creams, shampoos
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Scabies

Question Answer
symptomsmainly itching at night, rash in skin folds (between fingers, wrists)
treatmentmedicated creams and lotions
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Vaginitis

Question Answer
causea fungus parasite
symptomsabnormal, smelly discharge, itchy around vagina
transmittedsexual contact or through contaminated towels
treatmentmedication/creams
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