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Set 5 - Chapter 10 - Organ Systems - Part 3 - Princeton

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celine's version from 2018-02-06 17:43

Section 1

Question Answer
BODY PROCESSING, PART 1—THE DIGESTIVE SYSTEM
The pancreas is an___________________accessory organ
The order of the organs in the alimentary canal is _______________, _________________, _____________, ________________, _________________.mouth, esophagus, stomach, small_intestine, large intestine
The stomach ___________________ secrete a digestive enzyme.does
The salivary glands secrete an enzyme called ___________________ that helps in the digestion of ___________________.carbohydrates
The colon is the ___________________ intestine.large
The vitamin needed for blood clotting is vitamin __________, and it is made by bacteria in the ___________________ intestine.K, large
What does the liver produce?Bile
The products of digestion are absorbed through the walls of the ___________________small intestine
The stomach is ___________________ which means that its pH is ___________________acidic, low
The pancreas produces ___________________bicarbonate
The function of the large intestine is to _______________________.reabsorb water
Vitamin C is necessary to make ___________________collagen
Pepsin is an ____________________, secreted by the ___________. It helps in the digestion of _______________________.enzyme, stomach, proteins
Bile ____________________ fats.emulsifies
The _________________________ produces blood proteins and regulates glycogen metabolism.liver
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Section 2

Question Answer
BODY PROCESSING, PART 2—THE URINARY SYSTEM
The three processes used by the nephron to make urine are ________, _________________________, and ________________________.filtration, reabsorption, secretion .
The ___________________ sets up a concentration gradient in the medulla.loop of Henle
___________________means taking a substance from the urine and returning it to the blood.Reabsorption
Glucose is always___________________reabsorbed
The kidney helps to regulate blood pressure by releasing___________________renin
The___________________carries urine from the bladder to the outside of the body.urethra
Filtration occurs at the___________________glomerulus
ADH increases the amount of___________________reabsorbed from filtrate.water
Most reabsorption and secretion occur in the___________________proximal convoluted tubule
ADH levels are___________________when the body is dehydrated, and this causes the urine to be ___________________.high, concentrated
The three main waste products found in urine are _______________, ________________________, and _________________________.urea, uric acid, & creatinine
memorize

Section 3

Question Answer
SUPPORT AND PROTECTION OF THE BODY
Smooth muscle is found in the _____________________________.walls of hollow organs
The deepest layer of the skin is the___________________hypodermis
Spiders have ___________________exoskeletons
The two proteins found in muscle cell sarcomeres are _____________and __________________________.actin and myosin
When the body gets too warm, dermal blood vessels ___________________ and shivering ___________________ dilate, stops
Muscles are attached to bones by ___________________tendons
In a sarcomere___________________attaches to the Z-lines.actin
The neurotransmitter used to stimulate muscle contraction is___________________acetylcholine
___________________muscle is voluntary (under conscious control).Skeletal
Bones are attached to other bones by___________________ligaments
Cardiac muscle is found in___________________the heart only
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