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Set 4 - Chapter 10 - Organ Systems - Part 2 - Princeton

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celine's version from 2018-02-05 16:57

Section

Question Answer
TRANSPORT WITHIN THE BODY—THE CIRCULATORY SYSTEM
_______________ function in the immune system.White blood cells
Hemoglobin contains ___________ and can bind ____________.iron, oxygen
Approximately what percentage of the blood is made of red blood cells?45%
B-cells make _______________.antibodies
Insufficient iron in the diet leads to insufficient ______________and the disease _____________hemoglobin, anaemia
______________T-cells are T-cells that help B-cells and other T-cells reproduce.Helper
T-cells are ______________ blood cells.white
Blood cells involved in blood clotting are called _____________platelets
Plasma is mainly composed of _____________water
The genotype(s) for blood type O is (are) ______________.ii
Blood type AB is sometimes called the ______________.universal recipient
Blood type A can receive blood from blood type (s) ______________.A & O
Blood type B can donate blood to blood type(s) __________________.B & AB
The probability of a man homozygous for blood type B and a woman homozygous for blood type A producing a child with blood type A is _________________.0%
The genotype(s) for blood type A is (are) ________________IAIA and IAi .
Blood type AB can donate blood to blood type _____________ AB
Alleles IA and IB are said to be _________________codominant
_________________are blood vessels that return blood to the heart.Veins
______________ return excess tissue fluid to the blood vessels. Lymphatic vessels
The type of blood being carried ______________ matter when determining whether a blood vessel is an artery or a vein.does not
Blood pressure in the veins is ______________ low
Blood pressure in the arteries is ______________ High
Blood flow in the capillaries is _____________ slow
_____________ filter potentially harmful things from the lymph before it is returned to the veins.Lymph nodes
The diameter of an artery is_____________ than the combined diameters of the capillaries.smaller
Lymphatic vessels____________ have valves.do
Blood moves through the veins and lymph moves through the lymphatic vessels when nearby _____________ contract and squeeze the vessels.skeletal muscles
Blood leaves the heart from_____________ and enters the heart at _____________ventricles, atria
The aorta carries_____________ blood____________the heart, and the two vena cavae carry ___________ blood ___________ the heart.oxygen-rich, away from, oxygen-poor, toward
From the right atrium, blood passes immediately to the ____________right ventricle
The _______________ are the site of exchange between blood and tissue.capillaries
The pulmonary arteries carry ______________ blood ______________ the heart, and the pulmonary veins carry ______________ blood ______________ the heart.oxygen-poor, away from, oxygen-rich, toward
Blood that enters the right atrium after touring the entire body is ______________ oxygen-poor
The ______________ valves separate the ventricles from the arteries.semilunar
Where does gas exchange in the lungs occur?Alveolus
Moving air into and out of the lungs is called __________________.ventilation
The _________________ circuit sends blood to the lungs.pulmonary
The _________________________ zone of the lungs is where gas exchange takes place.respiratory
The first heart sound is the closing of the __________________ valves at the __________________ of heart contraction.atrioventricular, beginning
From the right ventricle__________________ blood is passed to the __________________ and then to the lungs.oxygen-poor, pulmonary arteries
The larynx is part of the __________________ zone.conduction
Oxygen-rich blood enters the heart at the __________.left atrium
Blood gases (oxygen and carbon dioxide) are __________.hydrophobic
Most of the carbon dioxide in the blood is carried as _____________ and ____________________.carbonic acid, bicarbonate .
If your blood is too acidic, your pH is _____________ and you will breathe _____________ lower, faster
The system that can change pH more quickly is the_____________system.respiratory
The primary muscle of respiration is the ______________diaphragm
Breath rate is adjusted by the ____________medulla oblongata
When the diaphragm contracts it ____________flattens downward
Normal blood pH is approximately ___________7.4
When the chest cavity gets smaller, air in the lungs rushes ___________outward
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