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Set 11 - Chapter 6 - Transcription & Translation - Princeton

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celine's version from 2018-02-04 19:46

Section 1

Question Answer
If 2 individuals are of the same species, then the chromosomes in one individual's cells (are or are not) identical to the chromosomes in the other individual cells.are not
The enzyme that runs DNA replication is called ___________ DNA polymerase
Humans have ___________ total chromosomes found as ___________ sets of ___________ chromosomes each.46, 2, 23
One strand of DNA serves as a ___________ for the creation of a complementary strand.template
If 2 cells are taken from the same individual, the chromosomes in one cell (are or are not) identical to the chromosomes in the other cell.are
Homologous chromosomes (are or are not) identical.are not
memorize

Section 2

Question Answer
Production of a strand of RNA from a strand of DNA is called ___________transcription
The sequence of RNA that is complementary to the DNA sequence CAGTATACG is GUCAUAUGC
Portions of DNA that carry instructions for protein synthesis are called ___________genes
___________ carries amino acids from the cytoplasm to the ribosomes during protein translation.tRNA (Transfer RNA)
The sequence of codons on mRNA is read in (overlapping or non overlapping) sequence.nonoverlapping
The 3 stop codons are ___________, ___________, and ___________UAA, UGA, UAG
Synthesis of protein using a strand of RNA is called ___________translation
The start codon is ___________ and it codes for ___________AUG, methionine
memorize

Section 3

Question Answer
In order to base-pair, the anticodon on tRNA must be ___________ to an mRNA codon.complementary
Peptide bonds are formed between ___________amino acids
The next amino acid for the protein being translated binds in the ___________ (A-site or P-site)A-site
The growing protein is attached to the ribosome through a tRNA in the ___________ (A-site or P-site) P-site
When a stop codon appears in the ___________ (A-site or P-site), the protein is ___________ from the ribosome.A-site, released
memorize