Sept 1 oral comm quiz

baejuhyeoned's version from 2016-08-31 13:11

Section 1

Question Answer
Biographical, Categorical, Causal, Chronological, Comparison/Contrast, Problem-Solution6 Speech Writing Patterns
BiographicalPresents descriptions of your life or of a person, famous or not
Categorical/TopicalPresents related categories supporting the topic
CausalPresents cause-effect relationships
ChronologicalPresents idea in time order
Comparison/ContrastPresents comparison/contrast of two or three points
Problem-solutionPresents an unidentified problem, its causes, and recommended solutions
Outlineis the hierarchical list that shows the relationship of your ideas
2/3 of your speech is finishedExperts in public speaking state that once your outline is ready, __________
A good outlinehelps you see that all the ideas are in line with your main idea or message
Table format & List Format2 Formats of Outline Suggested
Introduction, Body, Conclusion3 Elements of an Outline
Introductionis the foundation of your speech.
To get attention of audience & Present the main idea of speechGoal of introduction
Use real life experience, Use practical examples, Start with a strong/familiar quote, Use facts & statistics & Tell a personal story5 Strategies of making an introduction
Body of the speechProvides explanations, examples or any details that can help you deliver your purpose and explain main idea of speech
Present real life examples, Show statistics, Present comparison & Share ideas from experts4 Strategies of making the body of the speech
Conclusionrestates the main idea of your speech. It provides a summary, emphasizes the message, and calls for action.
Aims to leave the audience with a memorable statementGoal of conclusion
Begin your conclusion with a restatement of your message, Use positive examples, encouraging words, or memorable lines from songs/stories & Ask a question3 Strategies of making a conclusion
iting/Revising & Rehearsing2 parts of After Writing
iting/Revisinginvolves correcting errors in mechanics, such as grammar, punctuation, capitalization, unity, coherence, and others.
Rehearsinggives you an opportunity to identify what works and what does not work for you and for your target audience.
Reading your speech aloud, recording for your own analysis or for your peers to give feedbackStrategies of Rehearsing
(1) Keep your words short and simple. (2) Avoid jargon, acronyms, or technical words. (3) Make your speech more personal. Use pronoun "I" but don't overuse it. (4) Use active verbs and contractions. (5) Be sensitive of your audience. (6) Use metaphors and other figures of speech to convey your point. (7) Manage your time wellGuidelines in Speech Writing

Section 2

Question Answer
6 Power Principles for Speech Editing Created by Andrew Dlugan in 2013
Edit for FOCUS, Edit for CLARITY, Edit for CONCISION, Edit for CONTINUITY, Edit for VARIETY & Edit for IMPACT & BEAUTY6 Power Principles for Speech Editing
Edit for FOCUSEnsure that everything you have written, from introduction to conclusion, is related to your central message.
Edit for FOCUS“So, what’s the point? What’s the message of the speech?”
Edit for CLARITYMake all ideas in your speech clear by arranging them in logical order (e.g., main idea first then supporting details, or supporting details first then main idea).
Edit for CLARITY“I don’t understand the message because the examples or supporting details were confusing.”
Edit for CONCISIONKeep your speech short, simple, and clear by eliminating unrelated stories and sentences and by using simple words.
Edit for CONCISION“The speech was all over the place; the speaker kept talking endlessly as if no one was listening to him/her.”
Edit for CONTINUITYKeep the flow of your presentation smooth by adding transition words and phrases.
Edit for CONTINUITY“The speech was too difficult to follow; I was lost in the middle.”
Edit for VARIETYAdd spice to your speech by shifting tone and style from formal to conversational and vice-versa, moving around the stage, or adding humor.
Edit for VARIETY“I didn’t enjoy the speech because it was boring.”
Edit for IMPACT & BEAUTYMake your speech memorable by using these strategies: surprise the audience, use vivid descriptive images, write well-crafted and memorable lines, and use figures of speech.
Edit for IMPACT & BEAUTY“There’s nothing really special about the speech.”

Section 2