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Sentence Functions

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gemmalesley's version from 2017-05-12 16:34

Section

Question Answer
Formword classes, phrases and clauses
Functionthe role the word/phrase plays in the sentence
Grammatical Functionssubject, object, complement
Predicatethe rest of the sentence which is not the subject
Casepertains to pronouns and nouns; shows relationship with other words in the sentence
Nominative CaseI, you, he, she, it, we, you, they
Accusative Caseme, you, him, her, it, us, you, them
Direct ObjectNP denoting a person/thing that is the recipient of the action of a transitive verb
Indirect ObjectNP denoting a person/thing that is affected by the action of a transitive verb
Expletive/Empty 'it'refers to an entity that is not there
Subject Complementcomes after the head in the VP
Object Complementcomes after the object in the VP
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