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Semester 4 Psychosocial

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benryan95's version from 2015-05-17 18:59

Section

Question Answer
What are the 7 components of the Health Belief Model?Susceptibility, Severity, Costs, Beliefs, Cues to Action, Health Motivation, Perceived Control
Which component of the HBM is this? 'My changes of getting lung cancer are high'Susceptibility
Which component of the HBM is this? 'Lung cancer is a serious illness'Severity
Which component of the HBM is this? 'Stopping smoking will make me irritable'Costs
Which component of the HBM is this? 'Stopping smoking will save me money'Benefits
Which component of the HBM is this? 'A symptom of breathlessness, or information in the form of health education leaflets'Cues to Action
What are the 3 components for the Theory of Planned Behaviour?Attitudes towards the behaviour, Subjective norm, Behavioural control
Which component of the TPB is this? 'Exercising is fun and will improve my health'Attitude towards a behaviour
Which component of the TPB is this? 'People who are important to me will approve if I lose weight and I want their approval'Subjective norm
Which component of the TPB is this? 'Belief that the individual can carry out a particular behaviour'Perceived Behavioural control
Which model is this a criticism of? 'Absence of a role for emotional factors such as fear and denial'Health Belief Model
Which model is this a criticism of? 'Too much emphasis on the individual'Health Belief Model
Which model is this a criticism of? 'Too much focus on the conscious processing of information'Health Belief Model
Which model is this a criticism of? 'Omission of a temporal element'Theory of Planned Behaviour
Which model is this a criticism of? 'Lack of direction of causality'Theory of Planned Behaviour
What are the 3 stages of Leventhal's Self-regulatory Model of Illness Behavour?1 - Interpretation, 2 - Coping, 3 - Appraisal
What do the developmental models of eating approach emphasis?The importance of learning and experience and focuses on the development of food preferences in childhood
Which model is this a criticism of? 'Encourages treatment through lifelong abstinence, despite abstinence being rare'The Disease Model of Addiction
Which model is this a criticism of? 'Does not incorporate relapse into its model of treatment'The Disease Model of Addiction
What do the pre-existing physical abnormalities, pre-existing psychological abnormalities and acquired dependency theory have in common?They all regard addictions as discrete, as an illness, as irreversible, emphasise treatment through total abstinence and focus on the individual as the problem
What are the Psychosocial factors that play a role in the initiation and promotion of cancer?Behavioural factors, Stress, Life events, Control, Coping Styles, Depression, Personality, and Hardiness
How can cancer symptoms be alleviated using psychology?Pain management, Social support interventions, Treating nausea and vomiting, Body image counselling, Cognitive Adaptation strategies
What are the 4 principles of Motivational Interviewing?Express Empathy, Support Self-Efficacy, Roll with Resistance, Develop Discrepancy
Which principle of Motivational Interviewing is this an example of? 'Seeing the world through the client's eyes, thinking about things as the client thinks about them'Express Empathy
Which principle of Motivational Interviewing is this? 'Focusing on previous successes and highlighting skills and strengths that the client already has'Support Self-Efficacy
Which principle of Motivational Interviewing is this? 'Disrupting struggle that may occur so session does not resemble an argument'Roll with Resistance
Which principle of Motivational Interviewing is this? 'Helping the clients examine the difference between their current circumstances/behaviour and their values and future goals'Develop Discrepency
What is high preoperative anxiety a predictor of?Poor post operative outcome
What are the methods that have been developed for preparing patients for surgery?Information-giving, behavioural instruction, cognitive coping, relaxation, emotion-focused discussion and modelling'
Which method of Psychological preparation for surgery is this? 'Training to reinterpret events in a more positive manner'Cognitive Coping
Which method of Psychological preparation for surgery is this? 'Most commonly used with children, involves showing the patient a film of a similar-aged patient going through stages of procedure'Modelling
Which method of Psychological preparation for surgery is this? 'Informed about sensations that they are likely to experience'Sensation Information
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