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Self Care Mid Term Exam Drug Review

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alchemist04's version from 2018-10-08 18:44

Analgesics

GenericTrade nameAdult (Max daily dose)Children (Max daily dose)
AcetaminophenTylenol, FeverAll325–1,000 mg q4–6h (4,000 mg)a10–15 mg/kg q4–6h (5 doses)
AspirinBayer 650–1,000 mg q4–6h (4,000 mg)10–15 mg/kg q4–6h (80 mg/kg)
IbuprofenMotrin, Advil200–400 mg q4–6h (1,200 mg OTC)5–10 mg/kg q6–8h (40 mg/kg)
Naproxen sodiumAleve, Naprosyn, Naproxsb220 mg q8–12h (660 mg)Not recommended < 12 years of age; ≥ 12 years of age: use adult dosage
Magnesium SalicylateMagnesium salicylate650 or 1000 mg q4h PRN or q6h PRN4000 mg
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Sysytemic/Oral decongestants

GenericProductsAdult dosage (maximum daily dose)
Phenylephrine Sudafed PE10 mg q4h (60 mg)
Pseudoephedrine HClSudafed60 mg q4–6h (240 mg)
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Topical Nasal Spray

GenericProductTrade name
Oxymetazoline HClOxymetazoline HCl 0.05%Afrin Original Nasal Spray, Vick Sinex, Zicam
Phenylephrine HClPhenylepherine 1%, 0.5%, 0.0125%Neo-Synephrine Regular Strength, Little Remedies Decongestant nose drops
XylometazolineXylometazoline 0.1%Otrivin Complete Nasal Care (Canada)
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Steroid Nasal Spray

ProductGenericTrade name
RhinocortBudesonideAllergy Spray (32mcg/spray)
FlonaseFluticasone furoateSensimist (27.5mcg/Spray), Allergy Relief 50mcg/Spray)
NasacortTriamcinolone acetonideNasacort Allergy 24hrs (55mcg/spray)
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Saline Solution

ProductGenericTrade name
Sodium ChlorideSodium Chloride 0.65%Ocean Spray, Ayer Saline Nasal Gel
Propylene GlycolSodium ChloridePolyeth Glycol-Propylene Glyc
GlycerineSodium ChlorideGlycerine Nasal Spray
Cromolyn SodiumCromolyn sodium 5.2 mg/sprayNasalCrom
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Nasal Decongestant Inhalers

ProductGenericTrade name
PropylhexedrinePropylhexedrine 250 mgBenzedrex
LevmetamfetamineL-desoxyephedrineL-desoxyephedrine Vapor inhaler 50 mg/inhaler
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Antihistamine

GenericTrade nameAdult dosage (maximum daily dose)
Chlorpheniramine maleateChlor-Trimeton4 mg q4–6h (24 mg)
Diphenhydramine HClBenadryl, Children's Benadryl Syrup25–50 mg q4–6h (300 mg)
Syrup - (12.5 mg/5 mL)
ClemastineTavista1.34 mg q12h (2.68 mg)
Fexofenadine HClAllegra, Mucinex Allergy60 mg q12h or 180 mg daily (180 mg)
LoratadineClaritin, Alavert10 mg daily
Cetirizine HClZyrtec10 mg daily
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Mast cell stabilizer

GenericTrade nameAdult dosage (maximum daily dose)
CromolynNasalCromOne spray per nostril q4–6h
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Cough suppressant and Expectorants

ProductGenericTrade name
ExpectorantGuaifenesinRobitussin Chest Congestion Syrup (100 mg/5 mL); Mucinex tablets (600 mg)
Cough suppressantDextromethorphan HBRVicks DayQuil Cough (15 mg/15 mL); Delsym suspension (30 mg/5 mL)
Other AntitussiveCodeine, Diphenhydramine, Chlophedianol None
Combination expectorant and cough suppressantGuaifenesin and dextromethorphan HBrRobitussin Cough + Chest Congestion DM (100 mg/10 mg per 5 mL)
Combination expectorant, cough suppressant, and decongestantGuaifenesin, dextromethorphan HBr, and phenylephrine HClRobitussin Multi-Symptom Cold (100 mg/10 mg/5 mg per 5 mL)
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