Self Care Mid Term Exam Drug Review

alchemist04's version from 2018-10-08 18:44


GenericTrade nameAdult (Max daily dose)Children (Max daily dose)
AcetaminophenTylenol, FeverAll325–1,000 mg q4–6h (4,000 mg)a10–15 mg/kg q4–6h (5 doses)
AspirinBayer 650–1,000 mg q4–6h (4,000 mg)10–15 mg/kg q4–6h (80 mg/kg)
IbuprofenMotrin, Advil200–400 mg q4–6h (1,200 mg OTC)5–10 mg/kg q6–8h (40 mg/kg)
Naproxen sodiumAleve, Naprosyn, Naproxsb220 mg q8–12h (660 mg)Not recommended < 12 years of age; ≥ 12 years of age: use adult dosage
Magnesium SalicylateMagnesium salicylate650 or 1000 mg q4h PRN or q6h PRN4000 mg

Sysytemic/Oral decongestants

GenericProductsAdult dosage (maximum daily dose)
Phenylephrine Sudafed PE10 mg q4h (60 mg)
Pseudoephedrine HClSudafed60 mg q4–6h (240 mg)

Topical Nasal Spray

GenericProductTrade name
Oxymetazoline HClOxymetazoline HCl 0.05%Afrin Original Nasal Spray, Vick Sinex, Zicam
Phenylephrine HClPhenylepherine 1%, 0.5%, 0.0125%Neo-Synephrine Regular Strength, Little Remedies Decongestant nose drops
XylometazolineXylometazoline 0.1%Otrivin Complete Nasal Care (Canada)

Steroid Nasal Spray

ProductGenericTrade name
RhinocortBudesonideAllergy Spray (32mcg/spray)
FlonaseFluticasone furoateSensimist (27.5mcg/Spray), Allergy Relief 50mcg/Spray)
NasacortTriamcinolone acetonideNasacort Allergy 24hrs (55mcg/spray)

Saline Solution

ProductGenericTrade name
Sodium ChlorideSodium Chloride 0.65%Ocean Spray, Ayer Saline Nasal Gel
Propylene GlycolSodium ChloridePolyeth Glycol-Propylene Glyc
GlycerineSodium ChlorideGlycerine Nasal Spray
Cromolyn SodiumCromolyn sodium 5.2 mg/sprayNasalCrom

Nasal Decongestant Inhalers

ProductGenericTrade name
PropylhexedrinePropylhexedrine 250 mgBenzedrex
LevmetamfetamineL-desoxyephedrineL-desoxyephedrine Vapor inhaler 50 mg/inhaler


GenericTrade nameAdult dosage (maximum daily dose)
Chlorpheniramine maleateChlor-Trimeton4 mg q4–6h (24 mg)
Diphenhydramine HClBenadryl, Children's Benadryl Syrup25–50 mg q4–6h (300 mg)
Syrup - (12.5 mg/5 mL)
ClemastineTavista1.34 mg q12h (2.68 mg)
Fexofenadine HClAllegra, Mucinex Allergy60 mg q12h or 180 mg daily (180 mg)
LoratadineClaritin, Alavert10 mg daily
Cetirizine HClZyrtec10 mg daily

Mast cell stabilizer

GenericTrade nameAdult dosage (maximum daily dose)
CromolynNasalCromOne spray per nostril q4–6h

Cough suppressant and Expectorants

ProductGenericTrade name
ExpectorantGuaifenesinRobitussin Chest Congestion Syrup (100 mg/5 mL); Mucinex tablets (600 mg)
Cough suppressantDextromethorphan HBRVicks DayQuil Cough (15 mg/15 mL); Delsym suspension (30 mg/5 mL)
Other AntitussiveCodeine, Diphenhydramine, Chlophedianol None
Combination expectorant and cough suppressantGuaifenesin and dextromethorphan HBrRobitussin Cough + Chest Congestion DM (100 mg/10 mg per 5 mL)
Combination expectorant, cough suppressant, and decongestantGuaifenesin, dextromethorphan HBr, and phenylephrine HClRobitussin Multi-Symptom Cold (100 mg/10 mg/5 mg per 5 mL)