Supreme Court decision regarding school prayer. It was the first major school prayer case decided by the Rehnquist Court. It ruled that schools may not sponsor clerics to conduct even non-denominational prayer.
School district of Abington township v. Schemmp (1963)
declared school-sponsored Bible reading in public schools in the United States to be unconstitutional
Wallace v. Jaffree (1985)
An Alabama law authorized teachers to set aside one minute at the start of each day for a moment for "meditation or voluntary prayer." The Supreme Court ruled, 6-3, that the Alabama law violated constitutional principle.
Engel v. Vitale (1962)
case that ruled it is unconstitutional for state officials to compose an official school prayer and encourage its recitation in public schools
Zelman v. Simmons-Harris (2002)
Is a school voucher program which allows parents to send their children to a private school in violation of the Establishment Clause, where the vast majority of participating private schools are affiliated to religious groups? NO!
Swann v. Charlotte-Mecklenburg Board of Education (1971)
Gratz v. Bollinger (2003)
Adarand Constructors v. Pena (1995)
held that racial classifications, imposed by the federal government, must be analyzed under a standard of "strict scrutiny," the most stringent level of review which requires that racial classifications be narrowly tailored to further compelling governmental interests.
Grutter v. Bollinger (2003)
upheld the affirmative action admissions policy of the University of Michigan Law School.
Parents Involved in community schools inc v. Seattle dchool district (2007)
Meredith v. Jeffereson County (Kentucky) Board of Education
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