Science Heat Test (Workstations)

tacoaj0904's version from 2017-03-09 23:59

Section 1

Question Answer
Conduction is how _____ is transferred in _______Heat, Solids
Particles in any substance are always _________, even in solids.Vibrating
With the addition of _____ _____, the particles in a solid vibrate ______ _______, and vibrate a greater _______ from side to sideHeat energy, More quickly, Distance
The addition of heat energy causes particles to ________ with each other.Collide
When the particles collide, _____ ______ is ________.Heat energy, Passed
The particles collide until the heat source is _________, so the particles _______ _______. (Becoming ________)Removed, Slow down, Cooler

Section 2

Question Answer
Convection is a way that ____ or ________ energy is transferred in _______ or _______.Heat, Thermal, Liquids, Gases
Convection occurs when ____ particles _____ from place to place, carrying _______ _________ with them.Warmer, Move, Thermal energy
Most materials ________ when they warm up, and their particles move _______ _________.Expand, Farther apart
The warm material is left with __________ particles than when it was _____, so it is ______, or less _____.Fewer, Cold, Lighter, Dense
The warm section ______, and _________, dense material takes its place.Rises, Colder
When the material becomes warmer, it is less _____. The cycle continues.Dense
The moving fluid or gas is called a...Convection Current

Section 3

Question Answer
Radiation is the transfer of ______ in a special form of _____ that can travel through many materials or ______ _________.Energy, Wave, Empty Space.
Energy that is transferred in waves is called _______ energy, and is carried by __________ ________ (EMR)Radiant, Electromagnetic radiation
Name 3 forms of EMRRadio waves, Cosmic rays, X-Rays, microwaves, visible light
If the energy source is warm (Sun, your body), some of the thermal energy is transferred as ________ _________ Infrared Radiation
All radiant energy behaves like ______, can be _______ by objectsWaves, Absorbed
How fast does radiant energy travel?300,000 km/s

Section 4

Question Answer
The _________ _____ thermometer is good at controlling things.Bimetallic Strip
_______ metals expand at ________ ______ as they ______ up.Different, Different, Warm

Section 5

Question Answer
All radiation travels in ______.Waves
Which has more energy; Radiation with low frequency and long wave lengths, or high frequency and short wave lengths?High frequency and short wave lengths
Can you see infrared rays?No
Which has more energy; red or violet light?Violet
What is the type of particle that carries electromagnetic radiation?Photons

Section 6

Question Answer
What prevents us from getting near the sun?Intense heat, Intense light, and Intense radiation
Which two gases fuel the sun?Hydrogen + Helium
What are sun spots?Areas on the sun that are cooler than others
What is a solar flare?Gigantic flares of burning gas leap from the surface of the sun
When does a solar flare occur?When there's a sudden change in the sun's magnetic properties

Section 7

Question Answer
4 sources of electricity?Nuclear, Solar, Water, Wind
% of energy from food to move?40%
% of energy from food to keep us warm?60%
What did Galileo invent?The first air thermometer
Higher radiation frequencies equal...Higher energy
Mechanical sources of heat energy?Friction, percussion, compression, distortion
Chemical sources of heat energy?Burning
Electrical sources of heat energy?- - - - - - - - -
Nuclear sources of heat energy?Fission, Fusion

Section 8

Question Answer
Hooman temp =37 degrees
Room temp =20
Fridge temp =7
Oven for Pizzaaaa Temp = 160

Section 9

Question Answer
K to C-273
C to K+273
C to Fx 1.8 + 32
F to C(f-32) / 1.8
K to FConvert to Celcius
F to KConvert to Celcius
HE =#g x change in temp x SHC

Section 10

Question Answer
Define Heatthermal energy that is transferred from one substance to the other
Definte Temperaturethe measure of the average kinetic energy of the moleucles in a substance
Potential EnergyEnergy that is stored
Kinetic energyEnergy that is 'moving'
ConductorsTransfer heat easily
InsulatorsTransfer heat poorly

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