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Science 2k17 Final

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vajugedu's version from 2017-05-28 16:14

Section

Vocabulary
Be able to define the following:
Heredity
Trait
Genetics
Fertilization
Purebred
Gene
Alleles
Dominant allele
Recessive allele
Hybrid
Probability
Punnett square
Phenotype
Genotype
Homozygous
Heterozygous
Meiosis
Multiple alleles
Sex chromosomes
Sex-linked gene
Carrier
Genetic disorder
Pedigree
Karyotype
Selective breeding
Inbreeding
Hybridization
Clone
Genetic engineering
Gene therapy
Genome
Cell
Cell membrane
Nucleus
Cytoplasm
Muscle tissue
Nervous tissue
Connective tissue
Epithelial tissue
Organ system
Homeostasis
Stress
Skeleton
Vertebrae
Joint
Ligaments
Cartilage
Compact bone
Spongy bone
Marrow
Osteoporosis
Fracture
Dislocation
Sprain
X-rays
Magnetic resonance imaging
Arthritis
Arthroscope
Involuntary muscles
Voluntary muscles
Skeletal muscles
Tendon
Striated muscle
Smooth muscle
Cardiac muscle
Epidermis
Melanin
Dermis
Pores
Follicles
Cancer
Mendel’s Work
Know who the “Father of Genetics” is, what his experiments were about, and why his experiments were so important.
Be able to explain how traits can “skip a generation.”
Know how alleles are related to genes.
Be able to represent alleles and genes using letters.
Probability & Heredity
Be able to use Punnett squares to solve and interpret genetics problems like we practiced in class.
Know the difference between homozygous and heterozygous genes.
The Cell & Inheritance
Know how many chromosomes are in sex cells compared to body cells.
Be able to draw and label all the steps of meiosis.
Be able to compare and contrast mitosis and meiosis.
Human Inheritance
Be able to describe how blood types are inherited.
Be able to describe traits in terms of “dominant/recessive,” “multiple alleles,” “sex-linked,” or “codominant.”
Be able to draw a Punnett square to show the probability of a child being male or female.
Be able to give an example of a sex-linked trait.
Be able to describe why colorblindness is more common in males than females.
Be able to describe what a carrier is, and be able to give a sample of a carrier’s genotype.
Be able to describe how the environment can affect your traits. (Nature vs. Nurture)

 

Human Genetic Disorders
Be able to describe the four genetic disorders that be discussed in class. You should know how each is inherited, how the person with the disorder is affected, and what their life expectancy is.
Be able to create a pedigree based on a genetic problem.
Be able to interpret pedigrees.
Be able to describe how genetic counseling could help parents.
Be able to describe what can be done to help people with genetic disorders.
Advances in Genetics
Know the difference between selective breeding, cloning, and genetic engineering.
Be able to explain how inbreeding is used in turkeys and dogs.
Be able to explain how an empire apple is a hybrid.
Know how a plant can be cloned.
Know how genetic engineering can help people. Be able to cite specific examples.
Know the goal of the Human Genome Project.
Know about how many genes humans have.
Homeostasis
Know how our bodies maintain homeostasis
Know how stress can affect homeostasis.
The Skeletal System
Know all of the bones on the “Bones You Must Know” sheet.
Know the two types of joints.
Know the 4 types of movable joints and be able to give an example of each.
Know what joints are held together by.
Know the structure of bones and be able to draw/fill in a diagram of one.
Know what you should do to take care of your bones.
Bone Injuries
Know the three common skeletal system injuries.
Know the difference between a simple and compound fracture.
Know what x-rays and MRIs are used for.
Know why we use x-rays to diagnose bone injuries instead of MRIs even though MRIs are safer.
The Muscular System
Know the three types of muscle and be able to describe them as either voluntary/involuntary and striated/smooth.
Know why muscles work in pairs
The Skin
Know the five major functions of the skin.
Know the structure of the skin, including the two main layers.
Be able to draw/fill in a diagram with the main parts of the skin.
Know what melanin does.
Know what to do to take care of your skin.