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Schizophrenia

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Updated 2011-06-14 02:11

Summary

Terms about and subtypes of schizophrenia.

Symptoms

Question Answer
PositiveHallucinations
PositiveDelusions
PositiveDisorganized Behaviour
NegativeFlat Affect
NegativeAlogia
NegativeAvolition
NegativeAnhedonia
Time>1mnth psychotic symptoms and > 6mnth any symptoms
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Subtypes

Question Answer
ParanoidPersecutory delusions
DisorganizedDisinhibited, chaotic behaviour, loosening of association, inappropriate affect, unkempt appearance
CatatonicWaxy flexibility, prolonged awkward body posture, purposeless excitement, echolalia
UndifferentiatedDoes no meet criteria for Paranoid, Disorganized or Catatonic
ResidualAbsence of hallucinations, delusions, incoherence. Still has 2 other symptoms.
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DDx

Question Answer
Medical conditionsDrugs, CNS infections, Vascular disorders, Seizures, Degenerative diseases
Schizophreniform DisorderSymptoms < 6mnths
Brief Psychotic DisorderSymptoms < 1mnth
Bipolar I DisorderManic and Depressive phases can have hallucinations
Schizoaffective DisorderSchizophrenia and Mood symptom.
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Tx

Question Answer
Social TherapyCBT, Group, Family, Interpersonal,
Typical AntipsychoticHalperidol, Chlorpromazine
Atypical AntipsychoticClozapine, Olanzapine, Risperidone
SE ManagementBenztropine
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