SB 11,17 Obesity and adolescent health

rfwhite42's version from 2015-06-29 19:25

Section 1

Question Answer
consequences of childhood obesity (7)Psych problems, CV risk factors, pulmonary issues (asthma, sleep apnea), GI isseus (gall stones), Glomerulosclerosis, muscluloskeletal issues and endocrine disturbances
What are some examples of risk factors obese adolescents face (4)metabolic syndrome, high BP, high cholesterol and diabetes
Define the energy gapimbalance between the # of calories consumed and expended
what are 2 main contributors to the energy gab in obese adolescents?Eating behaviors (consuming more soda and fatty snacks) and lack of physical activity (low energy expenditure)
adolescent obesity SEM: Intrapersonal factorseating behaviors, physical activitm beliefs, attitudes, intentions, skills and self perceptions. Also age, race, sex, heredity, genetic pre-disposition
SEM: Interpersonal factorsinfant feeding practices (breast milk vs bottle), food availability and accessibility, parental knowledge and control, modeling, interactions between peers siblings and adults.
SEM: Organizational / communityschools, retail outlets, physical features of the community
SEM: Societal factorsSocioeconomic status, food as a symbol of prestige, food production and promotion, food policies

Section 2

Question Answer
Demographic trends of adolescents18% of pop, more than half in asia and pacific region. Less in the industrialized world. More boys than girls.
The demographic transition of adolescents (3)Migration (b/w and within countries), Globaliztion (employment oportunities, marginalizes rural youth, clash between tradition and modern values), Education(mandatory education has benefits)
as education rises, what is happening?More children are enrolled in primary and secondary school. Also: delay in marital age, more out of wedlock birthds, risks in abortions, rise in number of sexual partners
Syndemics definition2 or more epidemics interacting synergistically and contributing as a result of their interaction to the excess burden of disease
Is adolescent health research often done with syndemics?No, more reasearch is on single behaviors. Need to look at smoking and drinking, drinking and high risk sex etc, not just one variable at a time
4 leading causes of adolescent deathinjuries, maternal mortality, AIDS and infectious disease
M or F more likely to die in adolescence?Males are 2-4X more likely to die in adolescence
maternal mortality in adolescents is often due to what?40-50% are from abortion complications. Ritual genital mutilation also increases maternal death
9 principles of health programming for adolescents:recognize the diversity of the youth age group, involve young people, make health services appealing to youth, address gender inequality, address needs of boys, design comprehensive programs, consider all important benefits, address the many non-health factors that influence adolescent health and address underlying risk and protective factors.

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