Rhetorical Devices

pigitume's version from 2017-04-26 18:05

Section 1

Question Answer
absolutea word free from limitations or qualifications (best, all...)
ad hominem argumentan argument attacking an individual's character rather than his or her position on an issue
allegory a literary work in which characters, objects, or actions represent abstractions
allusiona reference to something literary, mythological, or historical that the author assumes the reader will recognize
analogy a comparison of two different things that are similar in some way
anaphoraThe repetition of a word or words at the bigining of a line or sentence.
anecdotea brief narrative that focuses on a particular incident or event
anthypophoraa figure of resoning in which one asks and them immediately answers one's own rhetorical questions (reasoning outloud)
antithesisa statement in which two opposing ideas are balanced
aphorisma concise statement that expresses succinctly a general truth or idea, often using rhyme or balance
apostropheaddressing an absentperson, concept or object as if it were present and alive.
argumentationa pattern of writing or speaking which is characterized by reason and logic, and asserts a position, belief or conclusion
assonancerepetition of similar vowel sounds, preceded and followed by difference consonants, in the stressed syllables of adjacent words
asyndetona construction in which elements are presented in a series without conjunctions

Section 2

Question Answer
balanced sentencea sentence in which words phrases, or clauses are set off against each other to emphasize a contrast
cause/effecta pattern of writing or speaking which is characterized by its analysis of why something happens, ....
chiasmus a statement consisting of two parallel parts in which the second part is structurally reversed
classification/division a pattern of writing or speaking which is characterized by division, hich is the process of breaking a whole into parts and classification which is the often subsequent process of sorting individual itesms into categories
climaxincreasing importance, the height...
colloquialisminformal words or expressions not usually acceptable in formal writing
comparison/contrasta pattern of writing of speaking which is characterized by how two or more things are similar or differ
complex sentence a sentence with one independent clause an at lease one dependent clause
compound sentencea sentence with two or more coordinate independent clauses, often joined by one or more conjunctions
compound-complex sentencesa sentence with two or more principal clauses and one or more subordinate clauses
conceita fanciful particularly clever extended metaphor
concrete detailsdetails that relate to or describe actual specific things or events
connotationthe implied or associative meaning of a word
cumulative sentence (loose)a sentence in which the main independent clause is elaborated by the successive addition of modifying clauses or phrases

Section 3

Question Answer
declarative sentencea sentence that makes a statment or declaration
deductive reasoningreasoning in which a conclusion is reached by stating a general principle and them applying that principle to a specific case
definitiona pattern of writing ofr speaking which strives to inform the audience on what a term means and how it is different from other terms in its class
denotationthe literal meaning a word
description a pattern of writing of speaking which is characterized by physical description of a person place or thing
didactic statementhaving the primay purpose of teaching of instructing
dissonanceharsh inharmonious or discordant sound
ellipsisthe omission of a word or phrase which is grammatically necessary byut can be deduced from the content
epigrama brief pithy and often paradoxical syaing
epigraph aa saying or statement on the title page of a work or used as a heading of a chapter or other section of a work
ethosethe persuasive appeal of one's character or credibility
euphemisman indirect less offensive way of saying something that is considered unpleasant
exclamatory sentenceduh
exemplificationa pattern of writing or speaking which is characterize by using one or more particular cases, or examples, to illustrate or explain a general point or an abstract concept
hyperboleintentional exaggeration to create an effect
idioman expression in a given language that cannot be understood from the literal meaning of the words in the expression
imagerythe use of figures of speech to create vivid images that appeal to one of the senses
imperative sentencea sentence that gives a command

Section 4

Question Answer
implication a suggestion an author makes without stating it directly
inductive reasoningderiving gerneral principles from particular facts of instances
inference a conclusion on draws basesd on premises or evidence
interrogative sentencequestion duh
invective an intesnely vehement highly emotional verbal attack
inverted syntaxa sentence constructed so that the predicate comes before the subject
irony the use of words to convey the opposite of their literal meaning
jargonthe type of language of a particular group of profession
juxtapositionplacing two elements side by side to present a comparison or contrast
litotesa type of understatement in which an idea is expressed by negating its opposite
logosappeal to reason or logic
malapropismthe mistaken substitution of one word for another word that sounds similarq
maxima concise statment often offering advice an adage
metaphora direct comparison of two different things
metonymysubstituting the name of one object for another object closely associated with it
moodthe emotional atmosphere of work
motif a standard theme, element, or dramatic situation that recurs in various works

Section 5

Question Answer
narrationis a dominant pattern of writing which strives to tell a story by presenting events in an orderly logical sequence
non sequituran inference that does not follow logically from the premises
paradoxan apparently contradictory statement that actually contsains some truth
parallelismthe use of corresponding grammatical or syntactical forms
parodya humorous imitation of a serious work
parenthetical comment a comment that interrupts the immediate subject, often to quality or explain
pathosthe quality in a work that prompts the reader to feel pity
pedanticoften used to describe a writing style, charactterized by an excessive display of learning or scholarship, characterized by being noarrowly, stodgile, and often ostentatiously learned
personificationendowing non human objects ofr creatures with human qualities or characteristicsq
philippic a strong verbal denunciation
polysyndetonthe use for rhetorical effect of more conjuctions thatn is necessary or natural
processa pattern of writing which is characterized by its explanation of how to do something of how something occures
rhetorical question a question asked merely for ehetorical effect and not requiring an answe
sarcasmharsh cutting language or tone intended to ridicule
satirethe use of humor to emphasize human weaknesses or imperefections in social institutions
schemean artful deviation from the ordinary arrangement of words
sibilance having containing or producing the sound of or ta sound resembling that of the s of the she is sash
similea comparison of two things usuing like or as or other specifically comparative words
simple sentencea sentence consistin gof one independent clause and no dependent clause

Section 6

Question Answer
solecismnonstandard grammatical usage
stream on consciousnessa technique characterized by the continuous unedited flow of conscious experience through the mind record on paper
syllepsisa three part deductive argument in which a conclusion is based on major premise and a minor premise
synecdocheusing one part of an object to represent the entire object
synesthesiadescribing one kind of sensation in terms of another loud color
tautologyneedless repetition which adds no mening or understanding
tropean artful deviation from the ordinary or principal signification of a word
understatementthe deliberate representation of something as lesser in magnitude than it
vernacularthe everyday speech of a particular country or region often involving nonstand usage
zeugmaa figure of speech in which a word applies to two others in different senses or to two others of which it semanitcally suits only one