Revision Test 3

mollertjie86's version from 2017-07-27 22:34

Section 1

Question Answer
CVACerebrovascular Accident
CVA Definitioninterruption of bloodflow to the brain
What are the 3 leading causes of natural deathCancer, Stroke, Heart Attack
3 main types of CVA's or strokesIschemic, Hemorrhagic and Transient Ischemic
Ischemic ShockCaused by a blood clot or thrombosis
Hemorrhagic ShockBleeding inside brain due to a ruptured blood vessel
Transient Ischemic ShockStroke like symptoms that go away in 24 hours
Atherosclerosisdisease of a blood vessel
Aneurismswelling or enlargement of an artery wall

Section 2

Question Answer
Signs and symptoms of a strokeFacial Drooping, sudden weakness in face, arm, speech disorder, difficulty swallowing, decreased level of responsiveness, lack of muscle co-ordination or balance, decreased or absent movement & sensation in one side of body, Slurred speech, sudden and severe headache, confusion, dizziness, weakness, combativeness, restlessness, tongue deviation, coma

Section 3

Question Answer
Status Epilepticuswhen patient is fitting for more than 5 minutes without regaining full consciousness
4 stages of epilepsyAura Phase, Tonic Phase, Clonic Phase, Post Ictal Phase
Aura Phasewarning
Tonic Phasemuscle contraction
Clonic Pahsemuscle relaxation
Post Ictal Phasefrom time when muscle contractions stop until he regains full consciousness

Section 4

Question Answer
Cerebrumcontrols emotions, thoughts, sensation, movement, sight
CerebellumCoordinates balance & body movements
Brainstemcontrols cardiac, respiratory & nerve systems
Spinal Cordcarries messages to & from the brain
3 functions of the medulla oblangatacontrols, heart rate, breathing rate & Blood pressure,
3 protective coverings of the brainDura Mater, Pia Mater, Arachnoid
Voluntary Activitiesactions performed consciously
Involuntary activitiesactions performed unconsciously like breathing
Base of skull fracture signsBattle Signs, Racoon Eyes, Rhinorrea, Ottorhea
Cushing TriadHead Injury & CVA (anything causing Intracranial Pressure
Cushing Triad SymptomsCheyn Stkes Respiration, Decreased Heart rate, Increased blood pressure
The P's for spinal InjuriesPins & needles, Pain, Paresis, Plegia, Priaprism, Poililothermia

Section 5

Question Answer
How to treat a chemicle burn of the eye, skin and InhalationEYE - wash out the eye with lots of constant running clean water. SKIN - dust off excess chemicals and wash with lots of clean water. INHALATION - remove from source of poison and give 100% O2

Section 6

Question Answer
Name the functions of the skinKeeps pathogens out, keeps water in, assists in temperature regulation, nerves in skin report to brain on environment & sensations, assists in production of vitamin d, assists in protection of external forces.
Name the types of soft tissue injuriesOpen Injuries, Closed injuries, Burns, Crushed Injury
Open injurywhen there is a break in surface of the skin
Closed Injurywhen soft tissue damages occurs beneath skin, but surface is in tact
Burnssoft tissue damage occurs as a result of heat
Crushed Injuryoccurs when a great amount of force is applied
Abrasionremoval of epidermis with capillary bleeding
Lacertationa cut to skin (tearing of tissue)
Avulsionflap of skin that is still attached
Amputationcomplete removal of body part
Penetratinganything penetrated in body. do not remove, stop bleeding
Stabbing and shootingcauses multiple penetrations
Name the 3 layers of skin1 - Epidermis 2 - Dermis 3 - Subcutaneous Tissue
Evasirationwhen organs are outside of the body through an open wound
How to treat an evisceration1 - Dont push organs back. 2 - Moisten a sterile dressing with normal saline and place moistened dressing over evisceration. 3 - Stick clean plastic dressing on 4 sides to abdomen over moistened dressing. 4 - Cover patient. 5 - Call for ALS medical assistance and give 100% O2. Raise legs if BP is low.
Classify burns according to depth1 - Superficial - only top layer epidermis. 2 - Top layer and portion of dermis with blisters. 3 - Full Thickness extend through all skin layers down to subcutaneous tissue
The rule of nines in an adultHead - 9% Whole Torso 18% Whole Back 18% Whole arm 9% Whole Leg 18% Genitalia 1%