Revision Test 3 Last

mollertjie86's version from 2017-08-07 20:22

Section 1

Question Answer
Primigravida experiencing 1st pregnancy
Supine Hypotension Syndromecaused by the compression of the descending aorta & inferior vena cava by the pregnant uterus when pt lies supine
Ante Partum HemmorhageBleeding happening before baby is out
Placenta PriviaWhen placenta develops over and covers the cervix
Placenta Abruptiowhen placenta starts to tear away from uterus wall
prolapsed cordwhen the umbilical cord drops out before the baby
Abortionpassage of fetus before 20 weeks gestation
Breech Presentationdelivery in which the buttocks come out first
Eclampsiapregnancy induced hypertension when pt has already convulsed
Pre-eclampsiapregnancy induced hypertension where the BP is so high that we worry that pt will start convulsing
Ectopic Pregnancypregnancy that develops outside uterus, especially in fallopian tubes
Orgonaphosphatesbasis of many pesticides

Section 2

Question Answer
Stage of labour 1Stage 1 - from onset of contractions until crowning
Srage of labour 2 Stage 2 - from crowning to full birth of baby
Stage of labour 3Stage 3 - From full birth of baby until birth of placenta

Section 3

Question Answer
Treatment for Laceration 11. Direct pressure to stop bleeding
2. Conforming Bnadage

Section 4

Question Answer
Treatment for Epistaxis 11. Position pt sitting & lean forward
2. Apply direct pressure by pinching nostrils together
3. Place piece of gauze inbetween upper lip and gum
4. Apply ice over nose

Section 5

Question Answer
Treatment for Penetrating Object 11. Apply direct pressure if there is bleeding
2. Apply sterile dressing
3. secure dressing with roller gauze
4. wrap gauze around & under pts shoulder

Section 6

Question Answer
Treatment for Loose Tooth 11. Apply direct pressure
2. Keep airway open, perform suctioning if needed
3. handle by crown
4. take tooth along to hospital in a sterile saline solution or milk
5. advise doctor about tooth

Section 7

Question Answer
4 ways of poison entering the bodyInhalation, Ingestion, Absorption, Injection

Section 8

Question Answer
Signs and symptoms of Orgonaphosphate poisoning 11. Diarrhea
2. Urination
3. Miosis
4. bradycardia
5. emesis
6. lacrimation
7. seizures

Section 9

Question Answer
Treatment for Chemicl Burns - Eyewash eye with copius amounts of water, keep healthy eye above the other eye
Treatment for Chemicl Burns - Skindust excess powder off and wash with copius amounts of water
Treatment for Chemicl Burns - InhalationRemove pt from poisonous area

Section 10

Question Answer
How many compressions in 30 seconds18
How many compressions per min100-120
What depth should compressions beAdults and children 5cm Neonates 4cm
How many compressions to ventilations for Adults, children and neonates30:2
How many compressions to ventilations - nenonates in 2 man CPR15:2
When should you start CPRTo get a breathing and pulse rate
When should you stop CPRwhen there's a sign of breathing and a pulse rate
For no longer than how long can compressions be stopped even when we continue with ventilationsno longer than 10 seconds
When should the AED be appliedAs soon as possible
How do you know that ventilations is workingwhen you see chest rise and fall

Section 11

Question Answer
What factors should be taken into account when treating a pt threatening suicide1. are there any unsafe objects in pts hand or nearby 2. is environment safe
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      3. is there evidence of self distructive behaviour
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      4. is there iminent threat to pt or others
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      5. is there an underlying medical problem
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      6. are there cultural or religious beliefs promoting suicide
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      7. is there trauma

Section 12

Question Answer
What is PTSDPost traumatic stress disorder
S & S 1 PTSDdepression
S & S 2 PTSDflashback pneumonia
S & S 3 PTSDDis associative episodes
S & S 4 PTSDstartle reactions
What is CISCritical Incident Management
What are the S & S of panick attack 1Dizziness
What are the S & S of panick attack 2Anxiety
What are the S & S of panick attack 3Numbness
What are the S & S of panick attack 4Tingling of hands and feet
What are the S & S of panick attack 5Painful spasms of hands and feet
What are the S & S of panick attack 6Pt feels he cant catch his breath

Section 13

Question Answer
Triage Management RedStick pts with stickers. Red - 1st priority, immediate treatment and transport
Triage Management YellowYellow - Pt's whose treatment and transport can be temporarily delayed
Triage Management GreenGreen - walking wounded, Pt's that require minimal to no treatment, treatment and transport can be delayed till last
Triage Management BlackBlack - Expectant, Pt's who are already dead or has little chance of survival

Section 14

Question Answer
A pt having raising intracranial pressure after a head injury would show which specific signs and symptoms 1. Cheyne Stokes Respiration
2. Decreased Heart Rate
3. Increased BP
List 6 signs of dehydration in a child 11. Sunken fontanelle
2. Dry mucous membrane
3. poor tissue turgor
4. eyes sunken and tearless
5. reduced capillary refill time
6. decreased urination
How would you asses a paediatric1. Appearance
2. Work of breathing
3. skin circulation
How would you asses a geriatric pt 11. Geriatric pt
2. environmental assessment
3. medical assessment
4. social assessment
What are the 3 leading causes of natural death in the elderlyCancer, stroke, Heart Attack
Why are zebra snakes said to be the exception to the ruleit flattens its head and spits like a cobra but has cytotoxic instead of neurotic venom.