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Revelation

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archiebw's version from 2016-06-15 06:28

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Question Answer
What is revelation, according to the Oxford Dictionary?The divine or supernatural disclosure to humans of something relating to human existence
What are the two types of revelation, meaning revealed supernaturally and revealed in a way accessible to all, respectively?Special revelation and general revelation.
What is a numinous feeling?A feeling of being in the presence of an awesome power, yet distinct from it.
Who argued that religion must derive from a being totally separate from the world, implying impersonality?Rudolph Otto
Who argued personal relationships and numinosity can coexist?Martin Buber.
What are the two levels of relationships, and who argued this?I-It and I-Thou, and Martin Buber
Who called God 'The Eternal Thou'?Martin Buber.
What is Martin Buber's quotation?"In each thou we address the Eternal Thou"
To Søren Kierkegaard, whence does faith come?From human experience, including but not limited to, religious experiences.
To Buber and Kierkegaard, upon what three things will 'knowledge of God' depend?One's level of faith, denomination or devoutness.
What is a well-known form of a religious experience?Stigmata.
What does mysticism mean for our purposes?The spiritual recognition of truths beyond normal understanding.
What does William James say are the four characteristics of mystical experiences?Ineffability, noetic quality, transciency and passivity.
What are two types of mysticism, and according to who?Of Love and Union, and of Knowledge and Understanding, and F.C. Happold.
Who named two urges that governed humans relating to his two types of mysticism, and what are they?F.C. Happold, and an urge for separation to be with something bigger and an urge to find out the secret of the universe.
What are the types of mystical experience, and according to whom?Soul-mysticism, nature-mysticism and God-mysticism and F.C. Happold.
What are two theories which fall under the idea of nature-mysticism, and what do they mean?Pantheism and panentheism, and God is the universe and God is greater than the universe and includes or interpenetrates it, respectively.
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Question Answer
What is revelation, according to the Oxford Dictionary?The divine or supernatural disclosure to humans of something relating to human existence.
What is a Biblical example of a revelation?God appearing to Saul on the road to Damascus.
What are the two types of revelation, referring to God revealing truths about his nature and a believer instead independently recognising God acting, respectively?Propositional and non-propositional revelation, respectively.
How does the word 'Islam' reflect propositional revelation? It means 'submission', which implies a lack of questioning,
What is the difference between faith and opinion, and who says this?Faith is based on fact, and St. Thomas Aquinas.
What is a word meaning the teaching authority of the Catholic church?'Magisterium'
Who thought revelations can be accepted as genuine if they accord with Church teaching?St. Thomas Aquinas.
Why is it odd that a propositional revelation should be 'according to Church teaching'?This teaching in turn took the form of a propositional revelation.
Who was a person who considered the Bible in propositional terms, and of what is he often regarded?Karl Barth, and the greatest Protestant theologian of the twentieth century.
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Question Answer
What might psychologists criticise about the idea of propositional revelations?The human mind actively, not passively, receives knowledge.
What is a literary example of non-propositional revelation?Sherlock Holmes's admiration of a rose.
Which philosopher claimed to have experienced non-propositional revelation through the structure of the human eye?William Paley.
What is a criticism of non-propositional revelation?There is no way of resolving theological debate apart from appealing to one's own experience.
Which atheistic philosopher has expressed his admiration of the beauty in nature?Richard Dawkins.
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Question Answer
What is an arguably illogical consequence of accepting the Bible as propositional?It involves rejecting somewhat or entirely the role of the ostensible authors of the books within it.
Who said that if you take a liberal approach to the Bible, all you do is read your own meaning into it, and what is a quotation of his suggesting this?Albert Schweitzer and "Each successive epoch found its own thoughts in Jesus."
What was the solution to the problem of not having any longer the original apostles to whom to appeal in the second century of Christianity?Appealing to the Rule of Faith and the Bible.
Of which gospel is disputed the authorship, and by whom is it speculated to have been written?John's Gospel, and a 'Johannine community'.
Who argues authority may have more than one sense, in which work, and what are the two senses he names?Maurice Wiles, 'The Authority of Scripture in Contemporary Philosophy', having the status of law and a status of valuable, but not always correct, instruction, like a learned speaker.
What is an issue on which it might be difficult to take the Bible as an authority?Internet privacy.
What is an alternative to belief in divine inspiration of the Bible more veering towards a propositional view of the text, and what does this mean?Verbal inspiration, and every word comes from God.
What is a difficulty involved in believing in the divine inspiration of the Bible?Identifying the exact nature of the revelation could be problematic.
What word means 'the branch of knowledge that deals with interpretation, especially of the Bible'?'Hermeneutics'
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