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Respiratory infections

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hororehi's version from 2017-05-27 13:24

Section

Question Answer
What is streptococcus pneumoniae?Gram positive cocci
What is strep pyogenes?Group A strep: gram positive cocci... B haemolytic strep,
What is Staph aureus?gram + cocci
What is haemophilus influenzae?gram - rod
What is legionella pneumophilia?gram -rod
What is bordetella pertussis?gram - rod
What is coliforms?gram - rod
What is pseudomonas?gram - rod
What is moraxella catarrhalis?gram - cocci
What is TB?acid fast bacilli
What does strep pneu cause?sinusitis, otitis media, AE COPD, pneumonia
What does strep pyogenes cause?pharyngitis, exudates on tolsils, lymphadenopathy, scarlet fever, rheumatic fever, glomerulonephritis
What does staph aur cause?sinusitis, OM, post flu pneumonia
What does haemophilus cause?sinusitis, OM, AE COPD, pneumonia
What does legionella cause?Legionnaire's
What does bordatella cause?pertussis (whooping cough)
What does coliforms and pseudomonas cause?HAP
What does moraxella cause?sinusitis, OM, AE COPD
What does TB cause?pneumonia
What is mycobacterium avium?acid fast bacilli
What is corynebacterium diphtheriae?Gram + rod
What causes atpical pneumonia?mycoplasma pneu, chlamydia, Q fever
How do you treat infection of strep pyogenes?Penicillin V for 10 days or clarithromycin or erythromycin (macrolydes)
What does corynebacterian diphtheria cause?Diphtheria: laryngeal, pharyngeal, resp tract obstruction
How do you treat infection of diptheria/Antitoxin, penicillin or erythromycin
What causes quinsy?Anaerobes and streptococci
How do you treat quinsy?Drain, amoxicillin + metronidazole
How do you treat sinusitis?Amoxicillin or erythromycin: Haemophilus, streptococci, anaerobes, moraxella
How do you treat OE?Fluclo, cleansing, eardrops: pseudomonas, staph auerus
What causes AE COPD?Haemophilus, strep pneumonia
How do you treat AE COPD?Amoxicillin, doxycycline, erythomycin
How do you treat whooping cough?Macrolides (erythro, clarithro), does not respond to penicillin
How do you treat CAP?Amoxicillin or clarithromycin or erythromycin or doxycycline... if admitted, amy + another... if severe... co-amoxiclav + claire
What is croup?laryngo-tracheo-bronchitis: hoarseness, barking cough, stridor
What are the symptoms of tracheobronchitis?cough, substernal pain
Symptoms of bronchiolitis?Cough, wheezing, dyspnoea
What commonly causes CAP?strep pneu, haemophilus, staphylococcus, anaerobes, klebsiella, e.coli, pseudomonas, influenza A + B, VZV, adenovirus, RSV
Which pneumonia-inducing organisms(s) are associated with: Age >65?strep pneumoniae
Which pneumonia-inducing organisms(s) are associated with: institutionalised patients?strep pneu, gram + enteric bacilli, staph aur, anaerobic bacteria
Which pneumonia-inducing organisms(s) are associated with: alcoholism, living rough?gram - enteric bacilli, legionella
Which pneumonia-inducing organisms(s) are associated with: co-morbidity (COPD, HF, DM, renal failure, liver failure, viral infection?)strep pneu, staph aureus, gram - enteric bacilli, haemophilus
Which pneumonia-inducing organisms(s) are associated with: hospital admission in previous year?strep pneu
Which pneumonia-inducing organisms(s) are associated with: hospital admission in previous month?gram - enteric bacilli
Which pneumonia-inducing organisms(s) are associated with: recent treatment with penicillin?strep pneu
Which pneumonia-inducing organisms(s) are associated with: aspiration?gram - enteric bacilli, staph aureus, anaeobic bacteria
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