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Respiratory Alkalosis

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mattisensept's version from 2017-06-04 01:29

Section

Question Answer
What is it? PH < 7.45, PACO2 > 35, Caused by hyperventilation
PathoPH rises rapidly as CO2 falls, fever, hypoxia, aspirin overdose, hyperventilation
Assessment Dizziness, numbness, palpitations, dyspnea, anxiety, chest tightness, seizures, loss of consciousness
Diagnostic test ABG
Diagnosis Ineffective breathing pattern, Anxiety, risk for injury
Planning Goal is to return patient back to normal level, stop hyperventilation as soon as possible
Interventions Monitor VS, Encourage client to breath more slowly, Administer anti anxiety, monitor ventilator settings, maintain fluid balance
Pharm Anti anxiety, morphine
Nurses roleEncourage patient to relax, breath long slow deep breaths, treat cause of anxiety
memorize