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kathylovey's version from 2015-10-04 17:32

Vocab

Question Answer
lint-picking behavior that is often a symptom of a delirious statecarphologia
fear of being buried alivetaphophobia
fear of being touchedhaphephobia
HANDHIV-associated neurocognitive disorder
CADASILCerebral Autosomal Dominant Arteriopathy with Subcortical Infarcts and Leukoencephalopathy
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Hosp medicine

Question Answer
myoclonus, anxiety, and ultimately seizuresmeperidine -> normeperidine (T1/2 = 30h). treatment should be limited to ≤48 hours and doses should not exceed 600 mg/24 hours
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Numbers

Question Answer
EEG of delirium tremenslow-voltage fast activity superimposed on slow waves
EEG sedative–hypnotic toxicityfast beta activity (>12 Hz)
EEG hepatic encephalopathytriphasic waves.
Standard drink12 grams of ethanol, 5 ounces of wine, 12 ounces of beer, or 1.5 ounces of 80 proof spirits
NIAAA est for incr health risk from alcoholmen<65yo: 14/wk, 4/setting. Age>65 or women: 7/wk, 3/setting
BMIUnderweight <18.5, Normal ≥18.5 to 24.9, Overweight ≥25.0 to 29.9, Obesity ≥30 kg/m2
suicide statsCDC data, suicide is the 10th leading cause of death overall in the U.S., the third leading cause of death among youths aged 10 to 14 years, and the second leading cause of death among youths aged 15 to 24 years. 41,000 lives were lost to suicide with one suicide occurring on average every 12.8 minutes. Approximately 1,028,725 Americans attempt suicide each year
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Syndrome and Location

Question Answer
Gertsmann?L angular gyrus . Agraphia (write), acalculia, finger agnosia, L-R confusion
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Question Answer
PPRF (Paramedian pontine reticular formation) lesionLoss of horizontal saccades directed towards the side of the lesion, no matter the current position of gaze; Contralateral gaze deviation (acute lesions, such as early stroke, only), Gaze-evoked lateral nystagmus on looking away from the side of the lesion; Bilateral lesions produce horizontal gaze palsy and slowing of vertical saccades
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Treatment

Question Answer
depression with PFfluoxetine + olanzapine, sertraline + olanzapine, venlafaxine + quetiapine
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syndromes

Question Answer
Elfin face, Growth retardation, Cardiovascular abnormalities (supravalvular aortic stenosis), Mild mental retardation with visuospatial impairments, Preserved facial discrimination, expressive language, High sociability and empathyWilliam's Syndrome deletion of elastin gene (ELN) on 7q11.23
Emotional and interpersonal difficulties, shyness, visuospatial disturbances, inadequate paralinguistic communicative abilities, poor arithmeticNon-verbal learning disorder 2/2 to early R hemisphere damage
Difficulties with abstract reasoning, perspective taking, moral development, judgement, insight, foresight, empathyearly bilateral frontal lobe damage
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