Research Methods Chp 10.1

emilylilmisssunshinemarie's version from 2015-04-27 22:33


Question Answer
Case StudyOne Unit of analysis/no sample. Studying individuals, neighborhoods, organizations, or a country)
EthnographyThe study of culture(s) that some group of people share, using participant observation over an extended period of time.
Participant ObservationObserve what ever it is you are studying, but for a shorter period of time
QualitativeThis research has more human contact. Human contact influences the results
QuantitativeYou do not need other people to do this research
"Pure Research"Helps to test theories
OvertCan harm validity because people will be responding to you as a researcher and a person in power
CovertPeople do not know you are studying them so they are more likely to answer honestly.
Gate KeeperA person in a field setting who can grant researchers access to the setting
Key InformantThis is an insider who is willing and able to provide a field researcher with superior access and information, including answers to questions that arise in the course of the research
Sampling PeopleStudying more than one case or setting almost always strengthens the conclusions and makes findings more generalizable
Theoretical SamplingThis is sampling that is drawn in a sequential fashion, with settings or individuals selected for study as earlier observations or interviews indicated that these settings or individuals are influential
Experience Sampling MethodA technique for drawing a representative sample of everyday activities, thoughts, and experiences. Participants carry a pager ad are beeped at random times over several days or weeks: on hearing the beep, participants complete a report designed by the researcher
JottingsBrief notes written in the field about highlights of an observation period.
Field notesNotes that describe what has been observed, heard, or otherwise experiences in a participant observation study.
Intensive Interviewing Finding out about peoples experiences
Grand tour QuestionA broad question at the start of an interview that seeks to engage the respondent in the topic of interest
Saturation Pointthe point at which subject selection is ended in intensive interviewing, when new interviews seem to yield little additional information
Focus GroupsGroups of unrelated individuals that are formed by a researcher and then led into group discussion of a topic. Used to collect qualitative data.