Documented evidence (data) gathered through direct observation rather than a researcher’s subjective belief.
A systematic process of investigating problems to gain knowledge about improving care that nurses provide
Ability to distance the research process as much as possible from the scientist’s personal beliefs, values, and attitudes.
An approach for generating knowledge using methods of inquiry that emphasize subjectivity and the meaning of an experience for the individual.
An approach for generating knowledge based on determining how much of a given behavior, characteristic, or phenomenon is present.
The ability of researchers to repeat a study using the same variables and methods or slight variations of them.
Use of quantitative and qualitative methods to collect data about a particular phenomenon.
A systematic research process that involves the following steps: selecting and defining the problem, formulating research questions or hypotheses or both, collecting data, analyzing data, and reporting results.
Information acquired in a variety of ways and sources, tradition, authority, trails and error and personal experience