Reproductive System Functions and diseases

ptrigo's version from 2017-04-17 01:37

Section 1

Question Answer
Fallopian tubesThey conduct the egg to the uterus
UterusIt contains the egg it has a muscular part (myometrium) and an inner covering (endometrium)
ovariesProduce estrogens, progesterone and ovulates (the egg or ovum)
cervixLower part of the uterus (it means "neck"), it stops external agents from entering the uterine cavity and prevents the baby from exiting it during its development
vaginaAllows for the entrance of the pennis
labia minor/mayorProtects the entrance to the vagina. Helps to prevent infections.

Section 2

Question Answer
urethraConducts semen or urine to the exterior
testisProduces sperms
prostateProduces part of the semen (prostatic fluid)
seminal vesiclesProduces part of the semen
vas deferensConducts sperms to integrate to the semen.
epididymisHelp the sperms to develop
pennisIt contains the urethra. It is the erectile part of the system and allows for the introduction of semen into the female reproductive system.

Section 3

Question Answer
prostate cancerabnormal reproduction of the cells of the prostate. Usually more common in men over 45 years old
testicular torsionThe testis are turned around so the vessels that provide blood to them may be compromised
pennile fractureThe connective tissue that makes the cavern of the pennis (that normally fills with blood during erection) is broken
testicular cancerAbnormal growth of the cells that make the testis. More common in young males (under 30 years old)
prostate hypertrophiaGrowth of the prostate with normal cells. More common in men over 65 years old.

Section 4

Question Answer
pelvic inflamatory diseaseInfection of the uterine cavity or the adjoining structures
endometriosisThe tissue of the endometrium is outside the abdominal cavity. It is a common cause of severe menstrual cramps.
ovarian cystsAbnormal growth of the follicle (where the egg grows and develops). If multiple cysts form it can lead to polycystic ovarian disease.
Menstrual alterationsusually related to abnormal bleeding (quantity or frequency). Normally caused by hormonal alterations.

Section 5

Question Answer
gonorrheaProduces a white-yellowish secretion in both female and male urethras. Can become painful.
syphilisIt has several stages that include itching, secretion in the reproductive organs. In latter stages it can affect the brain.
HIV/AIDSA virus attacks the immune system cells (white blood cells) thus not allowing the organism to defend against infections or even cancer cells.
candidiasisdisease caused by a yeast. It causes a white secretion in both males and females. In females it is common to have this disease without the need of sexual intercourse.
herpesA virus attacks the skin and mucosa of the reproductive system. It causes lesions that form vesicles and scarring. The lesions cause a burning sensation

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