Reprod 6

juniperk's version from 2017-11-03 19:05


Question Answer
A MRI can produce a false positive for what?Breast cancer.
What is a pap smear?This is a test that screens for cervical cancer or HPV.
What does a colposcopy look at?This is a diagnostic test that visualizes the cervix
What does a Conization/ Cone biopsy look at?This procedure removes a large cone-shaped piece of the cervix to look for precancerous cells, or cancerous material.
How do you do a self breast exam?Look at your breast in the mirror with hands on hips, hanging at the sides, and over the head. Then lean forward. Look for and dents, lumps or anything that looks abnormal. Then feel the breast with three fingers going in an up and down motion, a left and right motion, then pie shape. Feel for lumps of bumps. check for nipple discharge.
What are signs and symptoms of menopause?Amenorrhea for 12 consecutive months, vaginal dryness, hot flashes, sleep disturbances
What are the 3 types of menopause?Artificial, natural, and chemical
What is artificial menopause?This is menopause related to a surgery such as a hysterectomy.
What is natural menopause?This is menopause that happens naturally in your body.
What is chemical menopause?This is menopause related to drugs that are toxic to the body like chemo.
What is cystocele and rectocele?Cystocele is where the bladder herniates into the vagina. Rectocele is where the rectum herniates into the vagina.
What causes cystocele and rectocele?These things happen because of weak pelvic muscles, several pregnancies, extreme coughing, or because of older age.
What are signs and symptoms of cystocele and rectocele?Urinary and bowel incontinence, pressure on pelvic floor "feels like something is falling out"
How do we treat cystocele and rectocele?kegel exercises, surgical repair, a diet high in fiber, and increasing fluids.
how many degrees of a uterine prolapse are there?3
What is 1st degree uterine prolapse?This is when the uterus in 1/2 in the vagina.
What is 2nd degree uterine prolapse?This is when the uterus is all in the vagina
What is 3rd degree uterine prolapse?This is when the uterus is outside the vagina.
How do we treat uterine prolapse?hysterectomy, pessary ring insertion, a diet high in fiber, and increased fluids.
What are uterine fibroids?These are also called leiomyomas or fibroids. These are non-cancerous growths that appear during child birth years and shrink after menopause.
What are signs and symptoms of uterine fibroids?abnormal menstrual bleeding, pelvic pressure, pain (rare), frequent infections, constipation. 50% are asymptomatic.
What is polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS)?This is when you have multiple cysts in the ovaries. This is a common cause of infertility, irregular cycles, glucose intolerance, obesity, excessive hair growth.
What are signs and symptoms of PCOS?mild pelvic discomfort, dyspareunia, lower back pain, infertility, extreme pain with rupture.
How do we treat PCOS?we can try hormonal birth control, weight management, or managing an underlying condition (giving metformin for blood sugar control in DM)
What are risk factors for cervical cancer?HPV, multiple sex partners, oral contraceptives, adolescent pregnancies.
What are signs and symptoms of cervical cancer?Thin, watery, bloody discharge, painless bleeding between cycles, abnormal bleeding after sex. (late: back pain, thigh pain, hematuria, occult blood, weight loss)
How do we typically diagnose cervical cancer?A pap smear.
How do we treat cervical cancer?hysterectomy, chemo, and radiation.
What are signs and symptoms of ovarian cancer?vague abdominal discomfort, pain, constipation, urinary frequency, typically asymptomatic.
How do we treat ovarian cancer?Surgery, chemo, radiation.
What is fibrocytic breast disease?This is non-cancerous lesions in the breast tissue.
What are signs and symptoms of fibrocystic breast ?painful, mobile, round or oval, smooth lump in breast tissue that enlarges or becomes more painful premenstrually.
How do we treat fibrocystic breast disease?Fine needle aspiration, surgery

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