Religion Final

brizhana1's version from 2015-12-07 02:30

Section 1

Question Answer
The significance of 70 CE in Jewish historyThe Second temple and much of Jerusalem was destroyed by the Romans
The significance of 586 BCE in Jewish historyJews were exiled to Babylonia, Soloman's temple was destroyed and the city walls were tore down
the TorahThe Teachings; Stories of creations; sacred core of the Hebrew Bible
Tanakh All three sections considered as a whole; an acronym made of the first letters of the three sections.
Biblical JudaismJudaism before the destruction of the Second Temple
Rabbinical JudaismJudaism that developed after the destruction of the Second Temple
PhariseesMiddle class; associated with synagogues; more broad interpretation of the Hebrew Bible
SadducceesPriestly class; most interested in assimulating inot Roman culture; lived mainly in Jerusalem; lived off of temple sacrifies
ZealotsHated Rome; wanted to restablish Jerusalem; were afraid to use violence; were called terrorist
EssenesLived near the Dead Sea; didnt go to the temple; lived a celebent life; believed that there was a battle between light and dark
Reform JudaismJews wanting to leave the ghetto life and enter mainstream European culture
Orthodox JudaismWant to preserve tradtional Judaism
Conservative JudaismMaintains the best of tradition with some modern elements
Importance of covenant in JudaismWas a contract between God and his people; already established with Noah, Abraham and reaffirmed with Moses turning it into legal form
Moses as Liberator and LawgiverDecended from the clouds with the ten commandments and a contract for the sole worship of God, following his rules with in turn he will take care of you.
MessiahThe long awaited savior sent by God to the Jews
TallitA prayer shawl worn by devout males
Kosher"Ritual correct"; particular food preparations and consumption
PassoverSpring festival celebrating the Hebrews' exodus and freedom from oppression
Yom KippurA day of fasting, prayer and reflection; cleansing for the new year

Section 2

Question Answer
GospelGod-spell; Good word; accounts of the life pf Jesus written by later beliefs
MatthewThought to have been written for people with Jewish backgrounds
LukeCalled the "women's gospel"; filled with the miraculous spirit of God at work in the world
MarkThe shortest and the oldest of the four gospels; Begins with Jesus' adult public life
JohnThe portrayal of Jesus is a mystery; views human life as a struggle between light and dark
Synoptic gospels
2 Great Commandments in ChristianityA love for God and and ethical call for kindness toward others
ActsTell the initial spread of Christianity
The EpistlesLetters to early Christians, primarily from Paul
The book of RevelationWritten as encouragement to Christians facing persecution
Paul’s conversionJesus came to Paul and asked him "Why do you persecute me?" After this he spent several years studying in seclusion
Paul’s methods of spreading ChristianityVisit local synagogues and use Jewish scriptures to explain his belief that Jesus was the Messiah that they have long awaited
ConstantineRoman Emperor that accepted Christianity and created the Council of Nicaea
Edict of TolerationConstantine decreed Christianity could function publicly without persecution
Council of NicaeaFirst major Church Council where bishops met to define their beliefs
1054 CE: The Great SchismDisagreements between the bishops of Rome and Constantinople lead them to excommunicate each other
Martin LutherGerman priest that reformed Christianity; Protestant
the Protestant PrincipleThe right to radically question and interpret Christian belief and practice
the 95 ThesesLuther's demands for change and reformation
Benedict of NursiaFounder of Western monasticism

Section 3

Question Answer
definition of Islamliterally means to surrender
Ka’bameans cube; believed to be built by Abraham and Ishmael
YathribThe ancient Arabic name for Medina; Old Arab quarter of a North African City
Sunni IslamNo successor
Shiite IslamAli is the proper heir
KhadijahThe wife of Muhammad
The Night Journey
the hijrahmeans flight or migration
caliphmeans successor
Suraa chapter of the Qur'an
muezzinA chanter who calls people to prayer
622 CE in IslamMuhammad and his followers left Mecca for Yathrib
the Five Pillars of Islamthe Creed or Shahadah; Prayer or Salat; Charity to the poor or Zakat; Fasting; Participation

Section 4

Question Answer
the term indigenousNative
sacred spaceThe doorway in which ancestors and humans contact each other
respect for originsCosmic tales of their origin
respect for gods (“High god”)Considered to be wise, ancient and benevolent
respect for ancestorsTry to please ancestors, would bring bring health, wealth and children
animismLife force present in living things/ all things

Section 5