Rel 2

sipuvutu's version from 2017-02-27 23:40


What is Islam
• Islam is considered to be a monotheistic world religion, this means they believe in one divine being, Allah
• Allah is their ultimate God and gave them freedom of choice between right and wrong. He is the one that they worship
• Muhammad was born in 550 CE, he was Allah’s last prophet sent to earth, to tell them how Allah wanted them to live.
• In Arabic Muslim translates to ‘submission’ or ‘surrender’ themselves to their God.


Islam’s Sacred Texts and Writings
• The Qur’an is the word of God and the words of revelation, which developed modern day Islamic laws, it is believed to be the most important book created to Muslims.
• The Hadith is a well respected text, based on the things Muhammad said and did.


What does the religion Islam define their ethics as??
   Islam ethics are based on the moral principals and right and wrong
   Islamic ethics are based on the teachings from the Qur’an and Hadith- The Holy books
   The ethics focus on the protection of human lives, animals and plants and address justice allowing the common good.


  Islam Ethics
The Qur’an and Hadith outline the laws on how food should be prepared and eaten.
Food must be prepared ‘Halal’, this means that a sharp knife must sever the animals neck without it seeing it coming, this is thought to decrease the pain and suffering.
Allah's name must be called and slaughtering must be done by a Muslim.
The Qur’an and the Hadith tells them they cannot have pork, alcohol and animal blood. Animal blood must be drained away before being consumed.


   “You shall eat from that upon which God’s name has been pronounced, if you truly believe in His Revelation”
   - The Qur’an 6:118
   This shows the ritual connection from the sacred text the Qur’an and therefore contributes to beliefs of what should occur when slaughtering an animal.


Islam Ethics
Alcohol and Smoking tobacco:
• Alcohol and tobacco are prohibited as it is believed it destroys the body Allah created for them
• Drugs that are not prescribed are considered to be from Satan
• As Allah enabled life, it is expected that it is used scarcely and not wasted.
• Tobacco is allowed, however is reasonably disliked by Muslims.
• Ramadan- do not eat/smoke during daylight


   “O you who believe intoxicants, gambling, alters and arrows of chance and afflictions which are the work of the devil”
   - The Qur’an 5:90


Islam environmental ethics
• Islamic environmental ethics focus on the sustainability of the environment and issues such as industrialisation.
• There are 700 occasions were the environment is mentioned in the Qur’an, as Allah is the believed to be the creator of the environment.
• The protection of natural resources is very important to Islamic faith and harming/cutting trees and plants is unacceptable.
• In particular Islam have strong feelings about plants and animals, the earth and water conservation


Water Conservation
• Water is used exactly 63 times in the Qur’an and is considered the ‘source of life.’
• The Arabic word for water is ‘ma’a’
• Water is essential to Muslims as they must perform a cleansing ritual before their 5x daily prayer.
• However as water is Allah’s creation, during absolution rituals water must not be wasted.


   ‘And we have made of water everything living”
   - The Qur’an 21:30
The Five Pillars of Islam
   The five pillars are the foundation of Muslim beliefs and worship, they allow Muslims to follow their religion properly.
   1st- Shahada(Sha-hada): The Declaration of faith, which is (There is no God except Allah, and Muhammad is the messenger of faith)
   2nd- Salah(Sa-lah): 5x daily prayers
   3rd- Zakah(Za-kah): Giving money to charity
   4th- Sawm(Saw-m): Fasting in Ramadan
   5th- Haji(Hag-i): The pilgrimage to Mecca


Zakat- The third pillar
• Zakat is the Third pillar out of the five pillars of Islam
• Zakat is to recognise that a person frees themselves from greed when they give.
• When Muslims give they ‘purify’ themselves bringing them closer and building a Connection to Allah.
• Zakat is considered to be a moral obligation.
• Giving creates a sense of community as well as a connection between the giver and the receiver.
• A Muslim participating in Zakat gives 2.5% of their annual income to the needy or poor, as a way to build connections and fight poverty. Zakat can be given in many forms including: gold/silver, currency or livestock


   “O you who believe! Fasting is prescribed to those before you may learn self restraint”
   - The Qur’an 2:183