Radiology exam

alapaj's version from 2017-05-21 21:57

Section 1

Question Answer
what Duplex Doppler avaluatesblood flow spectrum
IVUS abv.intravascullar ultrasound
indications for radiographyarteriosclerosis, aneurysm, trauma, inflammation, bleeding, foreign bodies, embolism, thrombosis
features of arteriosclerosis on angiographyrough, irregular surface, segmental stenosis, occlusion, dilation, collateral circulation
examples of posttraumatic lesions on angiographyrupture, pseudoaneurysm, fistula, dissecting aneurysm
angiography complicationshematoma, fistula, infection, renal failure, phebitis, cholesterol emboli, arterial dissection
renal agenesis definitionlack of kidney
cause of bilateral small kidneysHTN, arteriosclerosis, nephrosclerosis, chronic GN, cystic disease
cause of bilateral large kidneysacute GN, SLE, DM, ATN, lymphoma, leukemia, Multiple myeloma, amyloidosis
causes of unilateral small kidneyrenal artery stenosis, postobstructive atrophy, congenital hypoplasia
causes of unilateral large kidneyacute renal vein thrombosis, renal infart, pyelonephritis, obstructive uropathy
most common cause of kidney abscesspyelonephritis
Hepatomegaly definition liver length>15.5cm in midclavicular line
chronic cholecystitis festureporcelain gallbladder
Klatskin tumorcholangiocarcinoma localized in the bifurcation of biliary tree
what is areobiliaair within biliary tree
annular pancreastrzustka obrączkowata, stenosis of duodenum
true cyst causesadult polycystic disease, Hippel Lindau disease, cystic fibrosis
pseudocyst causespancreatitis
most common location of pancreatic tumorhead of pancreas
most common tumor of pancreasadenocarcinoma
Splenomegaly > 15 cm in long axis > 10 cm in short axis
most common tumors of stomachbenign - leiomyoma / malignant - SCC
trichobezoarindigested gastric mass composed of hair
phytobezoarindigested gastric mass composed of vegetable products
Peutz-Jeghers syndromemultiple hamartomatous polyps in the small intestine associated with melanin pigmentation on the facial skin, fingers, toes, mucous membranes
Gardner’s syndromeinherited adenomatous polyposis coli, some polyps in the small bowel
Cronkhite-Canada syndromemultiple inflammatory polyps in the small bowel, colon, stomach
anterior mediastinal massesteratoma, goiter, thymoma, dermoid cyst
middle mediastinal massessarcoidosis, Hodkin's disease, metasthases (lymph node involvement)
posterior mediastinal massesneurogenic tumors, esophageal lesions, vertebral lesions, vascular lesions, pancreatic pseudocyst

section 2

Question Answer
Most common benign liver neoplasmhemangioma
Most common pleural neoplasmmesothelioma
Fluoroscopy not used inFNB fine needle biopsy
Catheter inserting techniqueSeldinger
Imaging of vessels notX-Ray
Most common artery used in arteriographyfemoral
Ultrasound frequencyabove 20 kHZ
Fetus anomaliesUltrasound
Brest cancer ultrasound feature of malignancydepth > height
Breast disease benign exeptpunctuate
Arteriography contraindicationvarices
Middle lobe segments4,5
Crescent shape Lucency under diaphragmGI perforation
Air fluid level under R diaphragmhepatic abscess
Features of atelectasisincreased density, displacement of interlobular fissure
Features of emphysemadiffuse hyperlucency, flattening of the diaphragm
Intestinalisischaemic intestines
Ellis Damoiseau sign is seen inhydrothorax, pleural effusion
Gallstones gold standard examinationUltrasound
Costophrenic angle lowestposterior
Conventional X-Ray false statement" posteriorly to the cassette"
False about MRIuse ionizing radiation

section 3

Question Answer
The most common cause of subarachnoid hemorrhage istrauma
Fresh blood on CT ishyperdense
shapes of hematomaEDH- lenticular. SDH: falciform/cresent, SAH feathery
We are evaluating a patient with neurologic deficit consistent with hemorrhagic stroke. The patients blood pressure is 210/110. what anatomical brain location do you expect to find hemorrhage inbasal ganglia
What is the therapeutic window for giving t-PA in patient with ischemic stroke0-3h
Bilateral enlargement of hilar lymph nodes and small nodules in the base adult with no clinical symptoms most likely suggestsarcoidosis
Hypertrophy of the synovial membrane is evaluated inUS and MRI
Chondromalacia of the patella may be diagnosed on the basis ofMRI
Hypovascular hepatic lesions are typical formetastatic colon cancer
Liver surface nodularity, contracted liver with ascites. Atrophy of right lobe, enlarged caudate lobe, irregular liver enhancement are signs ofcirrhotic liver
In US imaging of gallbladder stones look likerounded hyperechogenic with acoustic shadow
Duct dilation and strictures, pancreatic calcifications, atrophic organ, abnormal internal structure, pseudocysts are characteristic forchronic pancreatitis
After administration of the IV paramagnetic contrast agent following sequence should be obtainedT1 sequence
What is absolute contraindication for MRI examinationpacemaker
Pneumothoraxcan occur spontaneously or as a result of disease or injury to the lung or due to injury to the chest wall
Aspergilloma (mycetoma)forms ball with incorporates dead tissue from the surrounding lung, mucus and other
The most common multiple lung nodules aremetastasis
miliary TBis characterised by multiple foci of infection, all appearing as tiny white tubercle in the tissue having the same size
Infantile osteomyelitishave rapid course with complete recovery
RIDS (respiratory distress syndrome stage 3 characterised bygradual strong decrease in transparency, as well as blurry diaphragm and heart
Lobar pneumoniaradiological signs appear later and disappear later than clinical sings
A dermoid cyst is commonly located inanterior mediastinum
Shauermanns disease affectsspine
Transarterial embolization (TAE) is not used for treatment ofischemic stroke
Which of the interventional radiology procedures is performed in a patient with suspected with pulmonary embolismlocal fibrinolysis of venous thrombus
Please mark the obvious indication for endovascular stent implantationartery or arherosclerotic plaque dissection after PTA
The best long term effects of endovascular PTA/stenting is usually obtained incoronary arteries
Emphysemaan abnormal permanent enlargement of air spaces distal to terminal bronchioles
Solitary pulmonary nodule (coin lesion)a single lesion in the lung completely surrounded by lung parenchyma (diameter less than 3 cm)
Pancoast tumormay invade the local part of the symphatetic nervous system
Meconium peritonitiscaused by a rupture of the bowel prior to birth, resulting in surrounding peritoneum and inflammation
The pathognomic findings for necrotizing enterocolitis (EXCEPT)ileus
Duodenal peptic ulcers95% are located in the proximal part (duodenal bulb)
Uretrerocele isa sacculation of the bladder end of ureter
First examination to diagnose hydronephrosis isUS
Renal malignancy diagnosis consists ofscreening US- final diagnosis CT
What is the best method in diagnosing adrenal adenomaMRI
Radiology attending recognised epidural hematoma in a motor vehicle accident likely do you expect to be laceratedmiddle meningeal
You suspect ischemic stroke in a patient who was admitted to .. therapeutic window for giving t-PA. what exam would most likely confirmMRI-DWI

section 4

Question Answer
frequency of abdominal US2-6 MHz
frequency of chest US3,5-5 MHz
transducer for breastlinear
probe for abdomenconvex
projection of chest X-rayPA
What is not visible at ADB X-raykidneys
Which imaging method doesn't use X=rayMRI
Which is not a limitation of USsoft tissue
lordosis projection is used becauseapices and bases of lungs are better visualised
how thin does HRCT cut (high resolution CT)2mm
radiological signs of achalsiacarrot sign, rat tail sign
patomechanism of ahalasiaFailure of LES relaxation
Hampton's lineline of mucosa at the neck of ulcer
meniscus sign suggestspleural effusion
air bronchogram is characteristic forlobar pneumonia
most common lesion in middle mediastinumlymph node
most common lesion in anterior mediastinumdermoid cyst
mass size is ...>3mm
nodule size is...<3mm
Pneumatosis intestinalisgas cysts in GI
Pneumatosis intestinalis may indicatenecrotising enterocolitis
imaging method used to detect adrenal tumorMRI
contraindications for contrast mediarenal failure, allergy
breast malignant featurespicule

Hounsfield scale

Question Answer
Soft Tissue-300 to -100
Fat−120 to −90
Blood+30 to +45
Muscle+35 to +55
Bone+700 to +3000