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agentorange's version from 2015-05-21 09:47

part 1

Question Answer
Botulinum toxinMOA Block Acetylcholine Release
Corynebacterium diptheriaeMOA inactivate elongation factor-2 of eukaryotes
Staphylococcus aureusToxic shock syndrome toxin (TSST)
TSSTCytokine
Vibrio cholera and E.coliMOA cAMP
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Question Answer
Tetanus toxinMOA inhibit GABA
Viridans Streptococci(affects heart)Cause Bacterial endocarditis
Coagulase testTest to distinguish S.epidermidis and S. saprophyticus
Catalase TestTest to distinguish Staphylococcus and Streptococcus
Bacillus cereusCause rice food poisoning
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Question Answer
Rickettsia typhiInfect vascular endothelial cells
Proteus vulgarisExhibit swarming motility
Streptococcus pyogenesCause acute glomerulonephritis
Mycoplasma pneumoniaCause immune-competent pneumonia
Streptococcus pneumoniaCause pneumonia and meningitis for adult Cause otitis media and sinusitis for children
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Question Answer
ADENO, HEPA, HERPES, PAPO, PARVO, POXVirusFamily of DNA virus
PARVO, PAPO, ADENOFamily of DNA-Naked virus
HEPA, HERPES, POXFamily of DNA-Enveloped virus
PICORNA, CALICI, REOFamily of RNA-Naked virus
Streptococcus pyogenesMost common cause of pharyngitis
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Question Answer
Meningitis, Hepatitis, MyocarditisClinical syndromes of picornavirus
Human papilloma virusCause carcinoma of cervix
St. Louis encephalitis virusVirus from wild birds
Hepa CCharacterized by RNA virus donated blood
CytomegalovirusPneumonia in immunocompromised
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Question Answer
Dengue FeverAlso known as haemorrhagic fever
Dipicolinic AcidHeat resistant endospore
FimbriaeAttachment to receptor, skin
Slime layer(When detached becomes virulent)Attachment to skin, heat, teeth
Bdellovibrio bacteriovirusPredatory bacterium
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Question Answer
CatPasteurella multicoda source
KlebsiellaMucoid colony
ProteusUTI, Urease positive
Iodamoeba butschliiCyst with glycogen vacuole
CatsToxoplasma source
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Question Answer
Chilomastix mesliniiPosterior twisted appearance
P. malariaeAlso known as old man’s glasses
P. vivaxRBC and lemon-shaped
P falciparumShape- crescent
PigBalantidium coli source
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Question Answer
Trichinella spiralisViviparous
PinwormNo eggs/ larvae
Ascaris lumbricoidesExhibit mammilated eggs
Enterobius vermicularisDetected by anal swab/cellophane
DogVisceral larva migrans source
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Question Answer
Strongyloides stercoralisRhabditiform larvae
Hookworm2-8 cell stage eggs, stool
Dipylidium caninumDog tapeworm
Diphyllobotrium latumOperculated eggs
Fasciolopsis buskiChestnuts
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Question Answer
Schistosoma japonicumRudimentary lateral spines
Schistosoma haematobiumEgyptian haematuria
Chlonorchis sinensisObtained from eating raw fish
Circulating immune complexDefine cyoglobulin
Streptococcus pyogenesGroup A- Bacitracin sensitive
S. agalactiaeGroup B- Bacitracin resistant
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part2

Question Answer
Giemsa’s stainSpirochete staining
H. influenza type B vaccineOpsonizing antibody
Hepa B vaccineInactivated serum-derived viral antigen
MMR vaccineLive virus
RabiesInactivated vaccine
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Question Answer
Streptococcus viridansCause subacute bacterial endocarditis
Staphylococcus aureausCause acute bacterial endocarditis
MeasleOther name for Rubeola
Live attenuated microorganismRubeola vaccine (Is it live, inactive or live attenuated?)
Killed attenuated microorganismWhooping cough vaccine (Is it live, inactive or live attenuated?)
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Question Answer
ToxoidTetanus vaccine
Pen GDOC of N. meningitides
H. influenzaCausative agent of meningitis in 8-10 months
TetracyclineDOC for LGV, inclusion conjunctivitis and psittacosis
3rd gen CephalosporinDOC K. Pneumoniae
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Question Answer
MetronidazoleDOC for Bacteroides fragilis
Penicillin (for Thin-Flexible Wall Class)DOC T. pallidum, S. pyogenes, Clostridium perfingens
IododeoxyuridineTreatment for herpetic keratitis
Dapsone if resistant (DOC Clofazime)DOC Leprosy
ColistinPolypeptide against pseudomonas
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Question Answer
CycloserineInhibit mucopeptide synthesis by affecting Alanine Racemase
Pen VDOC Lyme Disease
3’ Azidothymidine (Zidovudine)DOC Aids with Pneumocystis carinii
VerotoxinE. coli toxin
Lymphoma venereumCaused by Chlamydia trachomatis
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Question Answer
Mac Conkey’s AgarLactose medium
BrucellosisCause undulant fever/ malta fever
Body louseEpidemic relapsing fever vector
Onchocerca volculusCause river blindness
Diphyllobothrium latumVitamin B12 deficiency
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Question Answer
P. vivax resistanceDuffy antigen
Giardia lambdaFlagellated and gastroenteritis
Marburg and EbolaFilovirus – African H. fever
Yellow Fever and DengueFlavivirus
Lassa feverCaused by arena virus
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Question Answer
MeasleSx/sym - Koplik’s spots
German MeasleOther name of Rubella
ActinomycetesContains sulphur granules
RetrovirusContain RNA directed DNA polymerase
Toxic shock syndromeSx/sym: scarletiniform rash
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Question Answer
Clostridium difficileCausative agent of pseudomembranous colitis
Rickettsia prowazekiBrill Zinsser disease
Ureaplasma urealyticumMycoplasma nongonococcal urethritis
Bartonella henslaeCause cat scratch disease
Taena (cysticercosis)Contain proglottids (rice grains)
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Question Answer
Trypanosoma cruzi (Amercan Trypanosomiasis)Causative agent of Chaga’s disease
ParvoviridaeSimplest DNA virus
Pox virusMost complex DNA virus
ReovirusOnly double stranded RNA virus
Picorna, Calici, ReovirusNaked RNA
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Question Answer
Reye’s SyndromeDisease caused by influenza + Aspirin
Parainfluenza, HSV, Mumps, MeasleEnumerate paramyxoviridae virus
EBVCausative agent of Burkitt’s lymphoma
Cryptosporidium and Isospora (Opportunistic pathogens)Common infection in immunocompromised patient
E. histolyticaCause bloody diarrhea
Giardia lambdaCause non-bloody diarrhea
P. falciparumMost common
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part 2