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R.D. Organization, Style, Analysis of Reading TEST 4.12.17

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frockman's version from 2017-04-12 02:32

Section

Question Answer
Climaxthe most intense, exciting, or important point
Parallelismusing repeating words or phrases to give pattern and rhythm verb, adverb. verb, adverb
AnadiplosisTakes the LAST word of a sentence and then repeats it near the beginning of the next sentence
MetabasisSums up a body of work that has come before, so that you can move on to a new point
Parenthesisadditional info inserted as an explanation or afterthought into a passage that is grammatically complete without it, marked off by ( ), -, etc.
Apostrophethe writer breaks out of the flow of the writing to directly address a person or personified object
Enumeratioa list of details about something
Antanagogewhen a negative point is balanced with a positive point
ChiasmusFlips around parallelism. verb, adverb. adverb, verb
ConduplicatioTakes an important word from ANYWHERE in one sentence and repeats it at the beginning of the next sentence
EpithetAttaching a descriptive adjective to a noun i.e. "The clear-eyed pilot"
AsyndetonDefines the second item as a clarification of the first Leaves out conjunctions, uses commas instead i.e. "It was a great prize, a reward for years of service"
PolysyndetonConjunctions are used repeatedly in quick succession, often with no commas i.e. "and...and...and..."
ZeugmaUnexpected items in a sentence are linked together by a shared word i.e. "The runner lost the race and his scholarship"
SynecdocheThe use of a part of something to represent the whole i.e. "All hands on deck" or "heads of cattle"
MetonymyAllows you to refer to something closely related to the actual object, and use that as a way of referring to the object itself i.e. "the crown" (king) or "the law" (police)
HyperbatonYODA (an inversion of the normal order of words for emphasis)
AporiaThe expression of doubt; shows different sides to an argument
AnaphoraRepeating a word or phrase at the BEGINNING of multiple clauses or sentences i.e. "A time to...A time to..."
EpistropheRepeating a word of phrase at the END of multiple clauses or sentences i.e. "...you. ...you."
SymploceCombination of anaphora and epistrophe
AmplificationRepeats something already said, while adding more detail and info to the original description
PersonificationGiving human attributes to something that is non-human
ParataxisLists a series of clauses with no conjunctions i.e. "My dad went to Las Vegas, he lost his money, he came home"
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