QUIZ 3 PE201

joflo's version from 2015-11-10 15:15


Question Answer
Range of Motionfull motion possible in a joint or series of joints
Muscle Tendon UnitThe skeletal muscles and the tendons that connect them to bones. Stretching increases length.
Ligamentsbands of tissues that connect muscles to bones and facilitate movement of a joint
PNF(PRE-CONTRACTION stretching) stretching utilizes techniques to stimulate muscles to contract more strongly in order to enhance effectiveness of stretching. Proven to be most effective at improving stretching.
Anaerobicin the absence of oxygen. body's demand for oxygen exceeds its ability to supply it
Carbohydratescomplex(fiber based) and simple carbs(sugars), recommended 45-65% caloric intake
HyperkineticToo much activity. associated with anorexia nervosa
ProprioceptionAwareness of body movements and orientation of the body in space, used synonymous with kinesthesis.
Plyometricstraining technique used to develop explosive power. Involves use of concentric-isotonic contractions performed after a pre-strech or eccentric contraction of muscle
MineralsHave no calories and no energy but are essential in various bodily functions. Calcium and iron are important. Calcium for bones, muscle, etc, and iron helps the blood to carry adequate oxygen
Caloriesunite of measurement in terms of energy from foods and fluids
BMIbody mass index. measure of body composition obtained by weight X height. High BMI values have an increased disease risk. BMI over 25 is overweight, 30 plus is obesity 18.5-24.9 is normal/healthy


Question Answer
Tendonfibrous bands of tissue that connect muscles to bones and facilitates movement of a joint
Flexibilityrange of motion in a joint or joints is a reflection of the flexibility at that joint. Influenced by the sensibility of muscles, tendons, and ligaments
Dynamicmaximum range a joint can achieve under ACTIVE conditions. ex. maximum height and position of a hurdler's lead leg. flexibility not as great as static
TaperingReduction in training volume intensity prior to competition to elicit peak performance
Aerobicadequate oxygen is available to allow the body to rebuild the high energy fuel the muscles need to sustain performance ex. distance runners, cyclists, swimmers
Lordosisinward curvature of the spine. can be improved by stretching hip flexors and back extensions
Set-pointtheoretical concept that describes the way the body protects current weight and resists change. aid in maintaining weight, but difficult to lose weight. Exercise is critical for weight maintenance, it helps reset the set-point
Intervaltraining technique used for high level aerobic and anaerobic training, uses repeated bouts of activity followed by rest, types: aerobic, anaerobic, combination of both
Moderationgood general rule for nutrition. reduce risks for coronary heart disease, helps limit the not so best foods for you
Grainswhole, refined, enriched grains. ex. wheat, cereals, rice. WHOLE grains preferred


Question Answer
AntioxidantSome vitamins (ex.E, C) act as antioxidants that are thought to aid the body from free radicals. vitamins can be obtained from cantaloupe, carrots, kale, mango and etc.
Fiberindigestible bulk in foods that can be either soluble or insoluble. soluble found in fruits/vegetables thought to improve amount of blood lipid in the blood. Insoluble found in grains is thought to help digestion and reduce the risk for colon and rectal cancer. recommendation: 25-40g per day
Proteinsources: animal (complete) and vegetable(incomplete). recommended 10-35%
Staticmaximum range a joint can achieve under STATIONARY conditions. ex. hip ROM achieved during a hamstring stretch. this stretch is limited by passive vicious and elastic properties of the muscles
FatSaturated: dietary fats, usually solid in room temp, from animal sources/ UNsaturated are monosaturated fats that are usually liquid at room temp and come from vegetable sources recommended 20-35%////Trans fat: known to increase LDL
Scoliosiscurvature of the spine that produces a sideways curve with some rotation---back and neck pain--usually inherited
Posturethe body's segments are well aligned for efficient function and the least strain. adequate flexibility is necessary for achieving and maintaining good posture
TrainingPhysical activity performed by people interested in high-level performance. Types include speed, resistance, plymoetrics, and balance training
Lactic acidSubstance that results from the process of supplying energy during anaerobic exercise. cause of muscle fatigue
Ergogenic AidSubstances, strategies, and treatments intended to improve performance in sports or competitive such as powerade, energy bars, and and creatine


Question Answer
Fruitfiber rich foods, critical in a healthy diet
Dietfood or drink consistently and daily for a person or animal. contributes to weigh gain, lose and maintenance
ObestityBMI values over 30
Basal Metabolic Rateis the largest component of total daily energy expenditure. Expressed in the number of calories needed to maintain body functions
Definition of muscledetailed external appearance of a muscle. body builders use several forms of Resistance training to obtain muscle definition
Oxygen debtthe oxygen consumed following anaerobic exercise that is used to rebuild the supply of high-energy fuel
long-slow distance training (LSD)extended periods of aerobic exercise needed to achieve high-level endurance performance; long slow, distance. Length of exercise is better than speed. usedby marathon runners and other endurance performers. performed every 1 or 2 weeks with a rest day recommended
High intensity interval trainingtraining technique often used for high-level aerobic and anaerobic training; uses repeated bouts of activity followed by rest to maximize the quality of the workout. often involves repeated 60 sec bouts of high intensity exercise followed by 60 sec of rest. also referred to as HIIT.
Skill related fitnesscomponents or abilities that help you learn skills faster and better. 6 components: agility, coordination, balance, reaction time, speed, and power



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