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Quiz 1 - Chemistry 2010-2011

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a3798's version from 2010-06-28 16:48

Major Fields of Study in Chemistry

Question Answer
Analytical ChemistryStudies the properties of chemical substances and the structure and composition of compounds and mixtures
Applied Chemistrystudies the practical use of the knowledge of chemical substances and processes
Biochemistryis concerned with chemical processes of living organisms
Inorganic Chemistryis concerned with chemical substances that do not contain carbon-carbon bonds
Organic Chemistrystudies the chemical substances that contain carbon and hydrogen in combination with atoms like oxygen, nitrogen, and sulfur
Physical Chemistryinterprets chemical processes in terms of physical properties of matter
Polymer Chemistrystudies the plastics and other chain like molecules which consist of many smaller molecules linked together
Synthetic Chemistrydeals with chemical elements and compounds to duplicate naturally occurring substances or to produce compounds that do not occur naturally
memorize

Foreign Scientists

Question Answer
Antoine Laurent Lavoisiera French Chemist; was founder of modern chemistry; demonstrated experimentally that oxygen gas in the air is involved in combustion or burning; published his findings in his Elementary Treatise on Chemistry in 1789; his book presented a new system of chemistry that was based on an essentially modern concept of chemical elements and that made use of the conservation of mass in chemical reactions
Louis Pasteura French chemist; founder of microbiology; his study of the structure of crystals brought him recognition by the age of 26; he proved that bacteria arise from other bacteria and do not spontaneously develop in sterile medium; explained that spoilage of perishable materials can be stopped by destroying microorganisms to prevent contamination which is the process called pasteurization; (Pasteurization - the controlled heating process that protects liquids from spoilage caused by microorganisms)
Marie Curiea French physicist renowned for her research on radioactivity; husband is Pierre Curie; discovered two elements which they named polonium and radium; received the Nobel Prize in physics in 1903 together with Pierre Curie and Henri Becquerel for their joint discovery of radioactivity; received 2nd Nobel Prize in 1911 for the discovery and isolation of radium and studies on its properties; during the world war I she helped develop the use of X rays in medicine
Linus Carl Paulingan American Chemist who made extensive contributions to structural chemistry and molecular biology; 1939-published The Nature of the Chemical Bond and the Structure of Molecules and Chemistry; Nobel Prize-1954 for contribution towards understanding chemical bonding; great portion of studies on Amino Acids; Nobel Prize - 1963 for his efforts to ban nuclear weapons testing
memorize

Filipino Scientists

Question Answer
Julian A. Banzon, Ph.D.biophysical chemist; concentrated scientific studies on Philippine palm and coconut and showed that it can be a renewable source of chemicals and fuels; made one of the first studies on fuels from coconut and sugarcane, two Philippine indigenous crops
Clara Y. Lim-Sylianco, Ph.D.one of the leading Filipino scientists; famous teacher in the field of biochemistry and organic chemistry; work involved the study of mutagens, antimutagens and bioorganic mechanisms; focused her researches on Philippine medicinal plants like coconut and ampalaya
Luz Oliveros- Belardo, Ph.D.was a distinguished scholar in the field of phytochemistry; important contribution to science is her work on essential oils in Philippine medicinal plants; studied the physical chemical properties of 33 new essential oils that she herself had extracted from Philippine medicinal plants
Alfredo C. Santos, Ph.Dwas trained in pharmaceutical chemistry; studied the chemistry of natural products and searched for local plants with medicinal properties; isolated and determined the structure of alkaloidsl; searched for substitutes for costly imported raw materials for medicines;
memorize

Three chemists with the Outstanding Young Scientist Award:

Question Answer
Ishmael D. Ordones, Ph.D.2000 awardee; research interests include materials science for microelectronics assembly, conducting polymers, photochemistry, photocatalysis and free radical mechanisms of some anticancer drugs
Christina A. Binag, Ph.D.2001 awardee; fields of interest include polymer-based chemical sensors and biosensors, conducting polymers as electrochemical sensors and the reduction-ocidation property of conductive polymers; carried out innovative and original studies on applying conducting polymers in the field of sensor technology
Mary Anne A. Endoma Ph.D.2003 awardee; specialized in synthetic organic chemistry; conducted research on synthesizing anticancer products from Philippine plants using biochemical process; awarded the Third World Academy of Sciences (TWAS) science prize in 2003
memorize

Over-all Test

Question Answer
Analytical ChemistryStudies the properties of chemical substances and the structure and composition of compounds and mixtures
Applied Chemistrystudies the practical use of the knowledge of chemical substances and processes
Biochemistryis concerned with chemical processes of living organisms
Inorganic Chemistryis concerned with chemical substances that do not contain carbon-carbon bonds
Organic Chemistrystudies the chemical substances that contain carbon and hydrogen in combination with atoms like oxygen, nitrogen, and sulfur
Physical Chemistryinterprets chemical processes in terms of physical properties of matter
Polymer Chemistrystudies the plastics and other chain like molecules which consist of many smaller molecules linked together
Synthetic Chemistrydeals with chemical elements and compounds to duplicate naturally occurring substances or to produce compounds that do not occur naturally
Antoine Laurent Lavoisiera French Chemist; was founder of modern chemistry; demonstrated experimentally that oxygen gas in the air is involved in combustion or burning; published his findings in his Elementary Treatise on Chemistry in 1789; his book presented a new system of chemistry that was based on an essentially modern concept of chemical elements and that made use of the conservation of mass in chemical reactions
Louis Pasteura French chemist; founder of microbiology; his study of the structure of crystals brought him recognition by the age of 26; he proved that bacteria arise from other bacteria and do not spontaneously develop in sterile medium; explained that spoilage of perishable materials can be stopped by destroying microorganisms to prevent contamination which is the process called pasteurization; (Pasteurization - the controlled heating process that protects liquids from spoilage caused by microorganisms)
Marie Curiea French physicist renowned for her research on radioactivity; husband is Pierre Curie; discovered two elements which they named polonium and radium; received the Nobel Prize in physics in 1903 together with Pierre Curie and Henri Becquerel for their joint discovery of radioactivity; received 2nd Nobel Prize in 1911 for the discovery and isolation of radium and studies on its properties; during the world war I she helped develop the use of X rays in medicine
Linus Carl Paulingan American Chemist who made extensive contributions to structural chemistry and molecular biology; 1939-published The Nature of the Chemical Bond and the Structure of Molecules and Chemistry; Nobel Prize-1954 for contribution towards understanding chemical bonding; great portion of studies on Amino Acids; Nobel Prize - 1963 for his efforts to ban nuclear weapons testing
Julian A. Banzon, Ph.D.biophysical chemist; concentrated scientific studies on Philippine palm and coconut and showed that it can be a renewable source of chemicals and fuels; made one of the first studies on fuels from coconut and sugarcane, two Philippine indigenous crops
Clara Y. Lim-Sylianco, Ph.D.one of the leading Filipino scientists; famous teacher in the field of biochemistry and organic chemistry; work involved the study of mutagens, antimutagens and bioorganic mechanisms; focused her researches on Philippine medicinal plants like coconut and ampalaya
Luz Oliveros- Belardo, Ph.D.was a distinguished scholar in the field of phytochemistry; important contribution to science is her work on essential oils in Philippine medicinal plants; studied the physical chemical properties of 33 new essential oils that she herself had extracted from Philippine medicinal plants
Alfredo C. Santos, Ph.Dwas trained in pharmaceutical chemistry; studied the chemistry of natural products and searched for local plants with medicinal properties; isolated and determined the structure of alkaloidsl; searched for substitutes for costly imported raw materials for medicines;
Ishmael D. Ordones, Ph.D.2000 awardee; research interests include materials science for microelectronics assembly, conducting polymers, photochemistry, photocatalysis and free radical mechanisms of some anticancer drugs
Christina A. Binag, Ph.D.2001 awardee; fields of interest include polymer-based chemical sensors and biosensors, conducting polymers as electrochemical sensors and the reduction-ocidation property of conductive polymers; carried out innovative and original studies on applying conducting polymers in the field of sensor technology
Mary Anne A. Endoma Ph.D.2003 awardee; specialized in synthetic organic chemistry; conducted research on synthesizing anticancer products from Philippine plants using biochemical process; awarded the Third World Academy of Sciences (TWAS) science prize in 2003
memorize