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PYSC Test #4

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pazana's version from 2018-04-24 15:26

Section 1

Question Answer
Personalityan individuals characteristics pattern of thinking,feeling,& behaving
Psychoanalysisboth a theory of personality and an approach to therapy
repressionbasic defense mechanism;banishes anxiety-arousing thoughts, feelings, memories, from consciousness
regressionlittle boy reverts to thumb sucking on the way to his 1st day of school
reaction formationrepressing angry feelings, person displays exaggerated friendliness
projectionan El Salvadoran saying captures "the thief thinks everyone else is a thief"
rationalizationa habitual drinker says he drinks w/her friends "just to be sociable"
displacementlittle girls kicks the family dog after her mother puts her in time-out
denialpartner denies evidence of his loved one's affair
Freud's ID (unconscious psyc energy)irrational component,impulses, ruled by "pleasure principle"
Freud's EGO( executive mediator)rational component, impulses,ruled by "reality principle"
Freud's SuperEgo(internalized ideals)moralistic component,internalizing parental & societal rules
memorize

Section 2

Question Answer
Psychological Disordersyndrome marked by a clinically significant disturbance in a person's thoughts, feelings, or behaviors
GAD (Generalized Anxiety Disorder)a person is continually tense, apprehensive, & in a state of autonomic nervous system arousal
Bipolar Disorderperson alternates between the hopelessness & lethargy of depression & overexcited state of mania.
OCD (Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder)unwanted repetitive thoughts and/or actions
Psychoactive Drugsoperate brain's synapses by stimulating,inhibiting,or mimicking the activity of neurotransmitters, brain's chemical messenger's
Schizophreniasevere disorder, characterized by delusions,hallucinations,disorganized speech, and/or diminished, inappropriate emotional expression.
Schizophrenia Positive Symptomsdisorganized, & deluded in their talk or prone to inappropriate laughter,tears, or rage
Schizophrenia Negative Symptomstoneless voice, expressionless face, and a mute of rigid body
DSM-5current authoritative scheme for classifying psychological disorders
DSM-5physicians & mental health workers use its codes to guide medical diagnoses & define who is eligible for treatments, including medication
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