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Public Health WK3 Infectious Diseases ZIKA Virus WNV and Measles Part 2

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alchemist04's version from 2016-06-07 20:07

Section

Question Answer
What is an infectious disease?An illness due to a specific infectious agent or it is toxic product that result from transmission of that agent.
Define Reportable diseasesIt is a local list. Surveillance focuses on limited list of disease that spread easily through intimate or close contact.
Define Notifiable diseasesIt is a national list. National list of disease that each state is required to report, but each state may have disease of interest that they are tracking
Sentinel CasesIt is part of Notifiable diseases. Initial case of infectious disease is detected and reported to state health department. State then report to CDC
Infectious disease is also known asCommunicable disease
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Question Answer
Direct transmission of diseaseinvolves physical contact from host to another object/person
Indirect transmission of diseaseis the one with absence of physical contact with the host/carrier
PandemicPan = all. It means the infection has gone from local to state to international. It means the infection/disease has gone across the border.
EpidemicIt is an infection that is localized, does not go across the border and rearly get out of an area
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Question Answer
True or False? With herd Immunity, most people in the population or community are protected from a diseaseTrue
True or False? Protection may occur via immunization or past disease infection (i.e. chicken pox in the childhood)True
Herd Immunity is?individual in a society w/o immunity is protected by the majority w/ immunity
Herd Immunity DOES NOT decrease the rate of spread of the infectious disease, True or False?False, Herd Immunity decreases the rate of spreading an infectious disease
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Question Answer
What are the Characteristics of Herd Immunity (1)Immuned population acts as a barrier to infection
What are the Characteristics of Herd Immunity (2)Helps explain why epidemic does not occur in a community
What are the Characteristics of Herd Immunity (3)Helps explain periodic variation of some infectious disease
What are the Characteristics of Herd Immunity (4)Helpful in formulating national vaccination policies
Six things about Zika Virus? (1)Illness usually mild with symptoms lasting for several days to a week
Six things about Zika Virus? (2)Spread through mosquitoes
Six things about Zika Virus? (3)People don't usually get sick enough to go to the hospital
Six things about Zika Virus? (4)People infected rarely die
Six things about Zika Virus? (5)infect virus remain in the host for about a week or longer in some patients
Six things about Zika Virus? (6)there is no vaccine to prevent or medicine to treat the virus
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Question Answer
Treatments of Zika Virus includes (1)Plenty of REST
Treatments of Zika Virus includes (2)DRINK of fluid to prevent dehydration
Treatments of Zika Virus includes (3)Take MEDICINE like APAP to relieve FEVER and PAIN
Treatments of Zika Virus includes (4)DO NOT TAKE NSAIDs including Aspirin
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Question Answer
Some health problems as a result of Zika infection/disease (1)Microcephaly
Some health problems as a result of Zika infection/disease (2)Developmental delay e.g speech, sitting, standing and walking
Some health problems as a result of Zika infection/disease (3)Intellectual disability like ability to learn and function daily
Some health problems as a result of Zika infection/disease (4)Problem with movement and balancing
Some health problems as a result of Zika infection/disease (5)Problem with eating like swallowing
Some health problems as a result of Zika infection/disease (6)Hearing loss
Some health problems as a result of Zika infection/disease (7)Vision problem
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Question Answer
True or False? Gene in H1N1 virus is similar to virus that normally occur in pigs in North America?True
Swine Flu can be contacted via which mode of transmission?Human to human contact
Fever as a result of H1N1 should be gone w/o the use of a fever reducing medicine, True or False?True.
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Question Answer
How is West Nile Virus (WNV) transmitted? (1)Mosquito borne transmission, by infected mosquitoes
How is West Nile Virus (WNV) transmitted? (2)Transfusion, Transplants, and from mother-to-child
True of False? WNV can be contacted through touching (intact skin)False
True or False? WNV can be contacted through broken skinTrue
What is the incubation period of typical WNV?3-14 days
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Question Answer
Serious Symptoms of WNV in few people (1%) include? Serious Neurological problems like Paralysis, Coma, Stupor, disorientation, stiffness, convulsion, muscle weakness vision loss, numbness
Mild Symptoms of WNV in few people (20%) include?Non Neurological problems like body ache, nausea, vomiting, swollen lymph glands, skin rash on chest, stomach and back
True of False? Most people (80%) may not have any symptoms at allTrue
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Question Answer
Measles signs & symptoms include (1)Running nose (coryza), Red,water eyes, Cough
Measles signs & symptoms include (2)High fever, tiny white spots (Koplik spots) inside the mouth may appear
Measles can be transmitted byboth direct and indirect transmission like COUGHing, SNEEzing
How many days does infectious state after rash appears?4 days before and after.
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Question Answer
What is MediCal equivalence?Medicaid
Which federal government insurance target the uninsured low income, disabled and chronically ill, when most carriers deny service to those fitting this descriptionMedicaid
Who finance Medicaid?Both Federal and State government
Who are the most recipient of Supplemental Security Income (SSI)?Infants born of Medicaid eligible pregnant women.
How long does an infant receive Medicaid coverage?through out the first year
True of False? Children under age 6 and pregnant women whose family income is at or below 133 percent of the Federal poverty level are entitled to MedicaidTrue
What does Medicaid coverage includes?"ALL medically necessary services"
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Question Answer
What medical insurance by the federal government covers people base solely on age (65 yrs and above)MediCare
True or False? Individual under 65 years age could qualify for MediCare under Social Security's Disability Insurance ProgramTrue
Which MediCare Part covers Hospital Insurance Program?Medicare Part A
Which MediCare Part Covers Supplemental Medical Insurance?Medicare Part B
Which Medicare Part Covers Managed Care Plans?Medicare Part C
Which MedoCare Part Covers Drug Prescription benefit?Medicare Part D
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Question Answer
Which Medicare Part takes care of Inpatient hospital, Skilled Nursing facility, Hospice and home care?Medicare Part A
Which Medicare Part takes care of Physician & outpatient hospital care, Lab tests, medical supplies and home health?Medicare Part B
Which Medicare Part is offers both Parts A & B ?Medicare Part C
Which Medicare plan offers Medicare+Choice Plan or Medicare AdvantageMedicare Part C
Which Medicare Plan covers prescription drug benefits?Medicare Part D.
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