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Public Health WK 2 Lecture 2 Part 1

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alchemist04's version from 2016-04-19 12:39

Section

Question Answer
Before 1914, functions of PH practice were limited to?(1) Local governments (2) State governments (3) Identified in broad statutes
Early practices had little effect on community health because?they were very reactionary
How was PH and services evaluated in Early development?Evaluation was not adequate
What was the philosophy of public health?Ensuring conditions in which all peoples can be health. It is a safety net approach.
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Question Answer
Local Public Health Agency (LPHAs) was created in1921
LPHAs only servedLocal, Municipals and States
Who created LPHAsAmerica Medical Association
LPHAs created what kind of form?Appraisal form
What was Appraisal Form used for?Self Assessment
Why is results and implications of appraisals necessary?It leads to improvements in measurements and targeting particular public health goals
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Question Answer
What are the 5 measures/records found on Appraisal Form of 1921?includes (1) Birth & Death records (2) Vaccination & Immunization records (3) Health problems in school-aged children (4) TB cases, Hospitalizations and Treatments (5) Laboratory tests performed
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What has Emerson report achieved or why is Emerson Report important?Beginning of streamlining of public health practices
What are the "Basic Six" services derived from Emerson Report?(1) Vital Statistics (2) Environmental sanitation (Cruise Lines) (3) Communicable disease control (Ebola Virus) (4) Maternal & Child health services (5) Public health education (6) Public health Laboratory services
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Question Answer
Define Health promotion and give examplesActivities or interventions targeting health behaviors that can improve or influence positive health outcomes. E.g, taking a blood pressure, giving a flu shot, providing literature, booklets, Counseling, Public Announcement Services (PSA), Social Services, Immunization, State health programs ect
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Define Public Health Practice and give examplesAny activities that involve Primary prevention and secondary prevention. E.g. giving flu shot, social services, health services
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Define Medical Practices and give examples?Any services or activities provided by and monitored by medical personnels such as physicians, nurses, pharmacists. Examples are the fx of each personnel mentioned
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Define Long-term care and give examplesAny care that deals with special need population e.g. Assisted living communities, Social services (group homes)
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Health Services Pyramid depend onPopulation-based public health services
What is the goal of Health Services Pyramid?Goal is to have less tertiary care interventions
What is the pyramid target?Prevention strategies
What does population-based public health services based on?It is based on Presursor
What does primary health care based on?It is based on existing Risk and primary prevention activities
What is Secondary health care based on?it is based on existing disease/illness and finding solution. It is based on secondary prevention
What does tertiary health care based on?It is based on disease management.
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Question Answer
What could have great impact on Public Health Services?(1) Diseases (2) Utilization of HC services (3) diversity of population (4) Family structure and changes in socioeconomic levels
What effects do DISEASES have on PHS?(1) Money is diverted to curing the disease (2) behavior of individuals changes (3) Behavior change leads to refocusing to targeting health interventions (4) Demand on resources to address different needs.
How does Utilization affect PHS?(1) Age variance causes various kinds of utilization e.g children, elderly ect (2) Chronic conditions or diseases
What are issues affecting PH services?(1) Diversity (2) Family Structure
What are the roles of Federal Govt. in PHS?(1) largest purchaser of health care via Medicare, medicaid and others (2) Tries to stimulate healthcare market so as to lower health care market cost
Sulfanilamide Tragedy, what did it teach?(1) Medication product needs safety oversight (2) Public must be informed of certain drug content information.
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Question Answer
How many amount of national expenditure are spent on population-based preventive services?Small amount of national expenditure
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