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Public Health Lecture 4 Infectious Disease Part 1

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alchemist04's version from 2016-04-26 12:43

Section

Question Answer
What is Public Health Surveillance?Effective preparedness and response rely on monitoring disease patterns, investigating individual case reports, and using epidemiological and laboratory analyses to target public health intervention and strategies (Turnock, 2002).
What are Public Health Surveillance used for? (1)Illness outbreaks
What are Public Health Surveillance used for? (2)National surveillance
What are Public Health Surveillance used for? (3)Statewide surveillance
What are Public Health Surveillance used for? (4)Local surveillance
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Question Answer
What is Epidemiology? (1)Scientific analysis of disease etiology, patterns of infection, and disease prediction among the general population.
What is Epidemiology? (2)Epidemiologic investigations seek to determine what is causing the disease, how the disease is spreading, and who is at risk of the disease (Turnock, 2002).
What is infectious disease?A disease that is caused by the invasion of a host by agents whose activities harm the host’s tissues.
Pathogens are ?Microorganisms that cause disease
Bacteria are?Unicellular prokaryotic organisms. Most common are Salmonella typhi (typhoid fever) and Yersinia pestis (plague)
Viruses are?Viral genome of nucleic acid surrounded by an outer lipid envelope. Most common are paramyxovirus (influenza, measles, and mumps) and rotaviruses (gastroenteritis) and retroviruses (AIDS or several cancers)
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Question Answer
What are the Public Health Measures to prevent infectious diseases? (1)Safe Water
What are the Public Health Measures to prevent infectious diseases? (2)Sewage treatment and disposal
What are the Public Health Measures to prevent infectious diseases? (3)Food safety programs
What are the Public Health Measures to prevent infectious diseases? (4)Animal control programs
What are the Public Health Measures to prevent infectious diseases? (5)Public health organizations
What are the Public Health Measures to prevent infectious diseases? (6)Vaccination programs
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