PT exam review- musculoskel

pivukuci's version from 2015-10-02 20:29

Section 1

Question Answer
3 types of fibrous joints (synarthroses)suture, syndesmosis, gomphosis
2 types of cartilaginous joints (ampharthrosis)synchondrosis, symphysis
3 types of synovial joints (diarthroses)uniaxial, biaxial, multi-axial
2 types of uniaxial jointshinge (ginglymus), pivot (trochoid)
2 types of biaxial jointscondyloid, saddle
2 types of multi-axial jointsplane (gliding), ball and socket
what type of joint is the sagittal suture of the skullsynarthrosis suture
what type of joint is the interosseus membrane between tibia and fibula synarthrosis syndesmosis
what type of joint is peg in a whole like a toothsynarthrosis gomphosis
What type of joint is the sternum and true rib articulationamphiarthrosis synchondrosis
what type of joint is the pubic symphysisamphiarthrosis symphasis
what type of joint is the humeroulnar jointdiarthrosis uniaxial hinge (ginglymus)
what type of joint is atlantoaxial jointdiarthrosis uniaxial pivot (trochoid)
what type of joint is MCP jointdiarthrosis biaxial condyloid
what type of joint is 1st digit CMC jointdiarthrosis biaxial saddle
what type of joint is carple jointdiarthrosis multi-axial plane (gliding)
what tyoe of joint is the hipdiarthrosis multi-axial ball and socket
synchondroses contain what kind of cartilage hyaline
symphases consist of what type(s) of cartilagehyaline (covers bones), fibrocartilage (connects the 2 bones)

Section 2

Question Answer
4 articulations of the shoulder complexsternoclavicular joint, acromioclavicular joint, glenohumeral joint, scapulothoracic articulation
The glenohumeral joint is what type of jointdiarthrosis multiaxial ball and socket
the wrist consist of what [2] jointsradiocarpal and midcarpal (...and also the joint between carpal bones but they don;t really add to wrist mobility individually)
The motions of elbow flexion and extension are made by what articulationhumeroulnar
the knee is what type of jointhinge
the ankle is classified as what type of jointhinge
joint receptors include what structuresfree nerve ending, golgi ligament endings, golgi-mazzoni corpuscles, pacinian corpuscles, ruffini endings
free nerve endings are located wherejoint capsule, ligaments, synovium, fat pads
golgi ligament endings are located whereligaments, adjacent to ligaments' bony attachments
golgi-mazzoni corpuscles are located wherejoint capsules
pacinian corpuscles and ruffini endings are located where?the fibrous layer of joint capsule
golgi-mazzoni corpuscles are found mostly in which joint?knee
free nerve endings are sensitive to whatnon-noxious mechanical stress, noxious mechanical stress
golgi ligament tendons are sensitive to whattension or stretch on ligaments
golgi-mazzoni corpuscles are sensitive to whatcompression of joint capsule
pacinian corpuscles are sensitive to whatvibration, acceleration, high velocity changes in joint position
ruffini endings are sensitive to whatstretch of the joint capsule