Psychosocial development

lazanupa's version from 2018-04-12 17:01

Section 1

Question Answer
Erik Eriksonego adaptation results in development of personality need to resolve personal social crisis to move onto the next stage; 8 stages in total
stage 1 Eriksontrust vs. mistrust
stage 1 Eriksonbirth to 18 mos; survival and comfort needs; hope
stage 2 Eriksonautonomy vs. doubt & shame; self control; 18 mos-3 years
stage 3 Eriksoninitiative vs guilt; gains social skills and gender identity
stage 3 Eriksonpersonal quality Sense of self; 3-5 years
stage 4 EriksonIndustry vs inferiority; child gains security through friends peers
stage 4 Eriksonpersonal quality competency; 5-13 years
stage 5 Eriksonself identity vs. role difusion; makes choices about adult roles;
stage 5 Erikson13-21 years; membership with society, fidelity
stage 6 Erikson21-19 years, intimacy vs isolation
stage 6 Eriksonestablishes intimate/close relationship with family and partner; love
stage 7 Erikson40-65 years; generativity vs self absorbtion; care capacity; finds security in professional role
stage 8 Eriksonintegrity vs. despair; 65+ years; reflect on value, share knowledge, wisdom and maturity

Section 2

Question Answer
preconventional Kohlbergup to age 8; preschool / elementary.
pre-conventional stage 1punish & obedience; obeys to avoid punishment. "I would cheat if I knew I wouldn't get caught."
pre-conventional stage 2child makes moral decisions to benefit self and sometimes others. "I'll let you copy mine if you do my homework."
conventional stage 3Good child; child wants approval of others (I'm not going to tell because I want her to like me.")
conventional stage 4law and order; rules and social norms internalized ("you can't do that because the teacher said no")
conventional Kohlberg9 or 10 years old; few older elementary children, some Jr high, and many high school students.
post conventional morality Kohlbergvaried age range; not all will achieve; social contract stage and universal ethical principle stage
post conventional stage 5 and stage 6awareness of legal implications of decisions; has social awareness; The rule may be wrong./ You shouldn't lie because it violates the Golden Rule.

Section 3

Question Answer
Maslow 1physiological (food, water, rest, warmth)
Maslow 2safety
Maslow 3love and belonging (affection, support, group affiliation)
Maslow 4Self esteem (belief you are competent)
Maslow 5Self actualization

Section 4

Question Answer
Piaget adaptationresponding to the environmental challenges as they occur
mental schemesorganizing experiences into concepts
operationscognitive methods; organize schemes and experiences which impact actions
adapted intelligencecognitive competence
equilibriumbalance bwt what child knows and can act on and what the environment provides
assimilationability to take new situation and change it to match an existing scheme; generalization
accommodationdevelopment of new scheme in response to the reality of a situation.
sensorimotor period0-2 years
pre-operational period2-7 years
concrete period7-11 years
Formal period11-teen years
pre-operational periodchild progresses from dependence on perception to logical thought
concrete periodenjoying games and rules and adjust to social demand; solves problems with info that is obvious and present
Formal periodhypotheticl deductive reasoning (analyze and plan); draws from past and present to imagine effects.
Primary circular reactions: 2-4 mos. Child learns about cause and effect as a result of reflexive sensorimotor patterns repeated for enjoyment.
Secondary circular reactions: 5-8 mos. voluntary movement patterns emerge due to coordination of vision and hand function and early awareness of cause and effect.
Coordination of secondary schemata: 9-12 mos. voluntary movement in response to stimuli that cannot be seen such as object permanence and early development of decentered thought.
reflexive stage: 1 month schemes begin in response to reflexes.

Section 5

Question Answer
major milestones in cognitive development****early object use
3-6 mosbanging and shaking objects
6-9 mospulling, turning, poking
8-9 moscombines object in realtion to play
9-12 moschild notices relation bwt complex actions and consequences (open door)
12+ moschild acts on object with variety of schemes
12-15 moslink schemes (place baby in carriege)
24-36 moslinks multischeme combos (feed doll)
36-42 moslinks scheme into complex script

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