Psychology Vocab chapeter 11

wifepreacher's version from 2017-04-25 17:23

Section 1

Question Answer
Mental DisorderAny behavior or emotional state that causes an individual great suffering, does not go away after a reasonable length of time
Projective testsPsychological tests used to infer a person's motives, conflicts, and unconscious dynamics on the basis of the person's interpretations of ambiguous stimuli
Objective TestsStandardized objective questionnaires requiring written responses; they typically include scales on which people are asked to rate themselve
Generalized anxiety disorderA continuous state of anxiety marked by feeling of worry and dread,
Panic disorderAn anxiety disorder in which a person experiences recurring panic attatcks
phobiaAn exaggerated, unrealistic fear of a specific situation, activity or object
Post traumatic stress disorderAn anxiety disorder in which a person who has experienced a traumatic or life-threatening event has long-lasting symptoms such a recurrent, intrusive thoughts, flash-back, nightmares
Obsessive-compulsive disorderA disorder in which a person feels trapped in repetitive, persistent thoughts (obsessions) and repetitive, ritualized behaviors (compulsions)
Major DepressionA disorder marked by excessive SADNESS, loss of interest in usual activity, feelings of worthlessness and hopelessness
Vulnerability-stress modelsApproaches that emphasize how individual VULNERABILITIES interact with external stresses or circumstances to produce mental disorders

Section 2

Question Answer
Bipolar disorderA disorder in which episodes of BOTH DEPRESSION and MANIA
Borderline personality disorderA disorder characterized by EXTREME NEGATIVE EMOTIONALITY and an inability to regulate emotions
PsychopathyA personality disorder (not in the DSM) characterized by FEARLESSNESS; lack of empathy, guilt, and remorse
Antisocial Personality DisorderA personality disorder characterized by a lifelong pattern of IRRESPONSIBLE ANTISOCIAL behavior such as violence, and other impulsive, reckless acts
Dissociative identity disorderA CONTROVERSIAL disorder marked by the apparent appearance within one person of two or more distinct personalities, each with its own name and traits; FORMERLY KNOWN AS MULTIPLE PERSONALITY DISORDER
SchizophreniaA psychotic disorder marked by DELUSIONS, HALLUCINATIONS, disorganized and incoherent speech, inappropriate behavior, and negative symptoms such as loss of motivation and emotional flatness.
PsychosisAn EXTREME MENTAL DISTURBANCE involving distorted perceptions, delusions, and irrational behavior.
Attention Deficit disorderA disorder characterized by IMPULSIVENESS, MESSINESS, restlessness, frustration, and TROUBLE CONCENTRATING
AgoraphobiaA set of phobias, often set off by a panic attack, involving the BASIC OF FEAR OF BEING AWAY FROM A SAFE PLACE OF PERSON