Psychology Test - December 10, 2015

luzegife's version from 2015-12-10 04:39


Question Answer
AmnesiaPartial or total loss of memory.
RetrogradeCannot remember old memories.
AnteogradeCannot create new memories.
Explicit MemoryFacts.
Semantic MemoryGeneral knowledge and facts (What?).
Episodic MemoryPersonal experiences and events (When?).
Implicit MemoryMemories we are not aware of.
Procedural MemoryHow we do things (brushing teeth, washing hair).
Emotional MemoryAttached with emotional response.
HippocampusUsed for semantic and episodic memory.
SchemaOrganized mental representation of info about the world, events, or people (prejudice).


Question Answer
LeDouxInvestigated role of the amygdala with emotions and fear.
HMHad a surgery to stop his epileptic seizures, but ended up with retrograde and anterograde amnesia. Could form new long-term procedural memories. Remained anonymous until his death in 2008.
Clive WearingGreat conductor at one point in his life, who lost his hippocampus; cannot create long-term memories.
Frederic BartlettBehind the Schema Theory.
LeDouxStudied rats by shocking them with a tone that triggered fear.


Question Answer
Schema TheoryIndicates memory is influenced by our existing knowledge (culture) and guide our behavior.
War of the GhostsSchema study; reading a story.
Each time you were to recite it, you remembered less (changing seals to fish, canoes to boats).
Working Memory Model and Multi-Store ModelSeveral "stores" or areas in memory system (storage, limited capacity, duration).
Car Crash StudyReconstructive memory.
Fear in Rats ExperimentInvestigate the role of the amygdala and where fear connects with emotions.


Question Answer
Short RouteAmygdala reacts immediately (whether right or wrong instinct) to sensory input and activates reponse system.
Long RouteGiving an appropriate response, sensory cortex to the hippocampus.


Question Answer
Focuses on entire memory system.Multi-Store Model
Focuses primarily on short-term memory.Working Memory Model
Simpler one of the two (less "stores").Multi-Store Model
More complex one of the two (more "stores").Working Memory Model

Strengths of Each Study

Question Answer
Schema TheoryHow we categorize information and make inferences.
War of the GhostsExplains memory distortions.
Working Memory ModelExplains what parts of the brain are linked to math and reading (integrating information).
Multi-Store ModelHumans are seen as info processors; lots of support via research/experiements/testing.

Weaknesses of Each Study

Question Answer
Schema TheoryUnclear on how schemas are acquired and how they influence our cognitive processes.
War of the GhostsSchema processing not fully understood.
Working Memory ModelMore emphasis on structure than processing.
Multi-Store ModelToo simplistic; not enough reference talking about the interactions of "stores."


Question Answer
Cognitive RevolutionBegun in the 1950s, with how people store, acquire, transform, communicate and transform: memory, amneisa, artificial intelligence.
Localization of functionFunctions can be attributed to specific regions of the brain.