Psychology Terms

Updated 2007-03-28 19:19


Some psychology terms.

The Terms

ArchetypesJung’s term for the universal forms that we encounter in our lives, such as mother, father, god, hero, and leader.
CollectivismTrait wherein one works for the goals of a group.
Defense Mechanismdevices used by the ego to avoid pain or reduce anxiety.
EgoFreud’s term for the cognitive and perceptual processes that are in touch with reality.
IdFreud’s term for the part of the unconscious mind containing the biological and sexual drives.
Individualismtrait wherin one works for personal and individual goals.
Inferiority complexmental state that occurs whena person’s conscious thoughts are dominated by an inability to succed.
Morality PrinciplePrinciple upon which the superego acts; a combination of conscience and moral self-image.
Overcompensationbehavior that is more than what is required to overcome a sense of inferiority.
Personaaccording to Jung, the image of ourselves that we present to others.


Personalityrelatively stable patterns of thinking feeling, and acting that an individual posseses.
Pleasure Principledrive to satisfy needs and avoid pain; principle upon which the id acts.
Preconsciouspart of the mind from which information from the unconscious can be retrived by the conscious mind.
Reality Principlerecognition of the real environment; what the ego tempers the needs of the id with.
Self-Conceptour thoughts and feelings about the type of person we are.
SuperegoFreud’s term for the part of the mind that engages in ethical decision making and moral reasoning.
Traitcharacteristic of personality that remains fairly stable over time
Typeset of traits that an individual typically demonstrates.
Unconditional Positive Regardlove given by a parent regardless of the behavior of a child.
Unconsciousaccording to psychoanalysis, the part of the mind that contains thoughts, feelings and desires of which we are mostly unaware.

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