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Psychology Final - January 19, 2016

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jipewejo's version from 2016-01-19 03:55

Section

Question Answer
Best known for distinction between “episodic memory” and “semantic memory” (1972).Endel Tulving
Recalls events, personally experienced or witnessed.Episodic Memory
General facts and knowledge.Semantic Memory
Believed that animals have semantic memory and do not have episodic memory.Endel Tulving
Said that there were six basic emotions (2003).Paul Ekman
Six basic emotions.Surprise, anger, happiness, sadness, disgust, fear.
Wanted to know if emotions are universal or culturally based after his mother committed suicide.Paul Ekman
Traveled to New Guinea in 1967 with Dr. Friesen to see if people there would have similar emotional reactions to events as those in other parts of the world.Paul Ekman
Evaluate how the situation will impact your wellbeing with positives and negatives.Lazarus
An individual’s stress depends on a number of factors, including appraisal of threat and appraisal of resources regarding with stress.Lazarus and Folkman
People use different strategies to cope with in stressful situations.Lazarus and Folkman
Aims to handle the situations that cause emotional stress.Problem-Faced Coping
Aims to handle the emotions instead of the situation.Emotion-Focused Coping
Flashbulb memories are distinctly vivid, precise, concrete, long-lasting memories of a personal circumstance surrounding a person’s discovery of shocking events.Brown and Kulik
People remember with almost perceptual clarity details of the context in which they first heard about the news, such as what they were doing, with whom they were with and where they were.Brown and Kulik
The emotions elicited by a flashbulb memory event increases the ability to recall the details of the event. Brown and Kulik
Said that there are sex differences in cognition.Doreen Kimura
Sex hormones affect brain organization from early on in life.Doreen Kimura
Men and women solve problems differently.Doreen Kimura
Social Comparison TheoryFestinger
People assess themselves by comparing others. You are happier if you have more than those you normally compare yourself to.Social Comparison Theory (Festinger)
Level of Aspiration TheoryRotter
People look at what they can gain and how likely it is that they will achieve it before taking action.Level of Aspiration Theory (Rotter)
Correlation between distribution and wealth. Those who are more fortunate will be less satisfied with what they have.Happiness and Wealth Distribution
Attached via skin and shared organs.Conjoined Twins
Survival rate is between five and twenty-five percent.Conjoined Twins
Separation is risky; usually one twin will die.Conjoined Twins
Found happiness even in the worst of situations.Shappell Sisters
Music videoFear of Being Alone
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Memory

Question Answer
Who researched memory?Endel Tulvin.
When did Tulvin distinguish "episodic" and "semantic" memory?1972.
Events recalled, personally experienced or witnessed.Episodic Memory.
General facts and knowledge.Semantic Memory.
Animals have semantic memory, but not episodic memory, according to Endel Tulving.Episodic False (EF), Semantic True (ST).
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Emotions

Question Answer
Who researched emotions?Paul Ekman.
Why did Ekman research emotions?His mother committed suicide and he wanted to see if emotions were universal or culturally based.
Where did Ekman travel?New Guinea.
Who did Ekman travel with?Dr. Friesen.
When did Ekman travel?1967.
Why did Ekman travel?To see if emotions were culturally based.
What were the six basic emotions?Surprise, anger, happiness, sadness, disgust, fear.
What emotion was not a character in Inside Out?Surprised/Happiness were merged together as Joy.
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Stress

Question Answer
Who researched stress?Lazarus and Folkman.
Why do we use different strategies?To cope with in stressful situations.
Aims to handle the situations that cause emotional stress.Problem-Faced Coping.
Aims to handle the emotions instead of the situation.Emotion-Focused Coping.
Evaluate the decision to see what?Positive and negative aspects.
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Flashbulb Memory

Question Answer
Who researched flashbulb memory?Brown and Kulik.
Why are these long-lasting memories so distinctly vivid, precise and concrete?Personal discovery of shocking events.
People remember what in clarity?Who/what/where/when/how?
What increases the ability to recall the details of an event?Emotions.
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Sex Cognition

Question Answer
Who researched sex cognition?Doreen Kimura.
What did Kimura believe about men and women?They solve problems differently.
Men are better atthrowing accuracy.
Men are better atmathematical reasoning tasks.
Women are better atverbal memory.
Women are better atrecalling objects.
Who refuted these claims?Dr. Bleie.
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Social Comparisons

Question Answer
Who researched social comparison?Festinger.
People compare themselves to others.Social Comparison Theory (Festinger).
You are happier in a social comparison ifyou have more than those you normally compare yourself to.
Who researched level of aspiration?Rotter.
People look at what they can gain and how likely it is that they will achieve it before taking action.Level of Aspiration Theory (Rotter).
Correlation between distribution and wealth.Happiness and Wealth Distribution.
Those who are more fortunate will be less satisfied with what they have.Happiness and Wealth Distribution.
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Conjoined Twins

Question Answer
How are they attached?Skin and shared organs.
What is their survival rate?Between five and twenty-five percent.
Why is separation risky?One twin will usually die.
Who found happiness even in the worst of situations?Shappell Sisters.
What was the music video?Fear of Being Alone.
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Researchers

Question Answer
MemoryEndel Tulvin (1970s)
EmotionsPaul Ekman (1960s/2003)
StressLazarus and Folkman (1980s)
Flashbulb MemoryBrown and Kulik (1977)
Sex CognitionDoreen Kimura (1990s)
Social Comparison TheoryFestinger (1950s)
Level of Aspiration TheoryRotter (1950s)
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