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Psychology Chapter 2 Terms - Part 2

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futureradtech's version from 2017-06-08 05:46

Section

Question Answer
Cerebral CortexThe wrinkled outermost layer of the cerebrum, responsible for higher mental functions, such as decision making, planning and processing visual information
Frontal LobesThe are of the cortex that organizes information among the other lobes of the brain and is responsible for higher level cognitive functions and behavior
Parietal LobesThe area of the cortex that receives and processes sensory information such as touch, pressure, temperature and spatial orientation
Occipital LobesThe area of the cortex in the back of the head that processes visual information
Temporal LobesThe area of the cortex that processes auditory stimuli and language
Association Areas Regions of the cortex that integrates information from all over the brain allowing us to learn, think in abstract terms and carry out other intellectual tasks
Motor CortexA band of tissue toward the rear of the frontal lobes that work with other brain regions of plan and execute voluntary movement
Somatosensory CortexA band of tissue running parallel to the motor cortex that receives and integrates sensory information from all over the body
Limbic SystemA horseshoe shaped collection of structures that regulates emotions and basic drives like hunger and aides in the creation of memories
HippocampusA pair of seahorse shaped structures located in the limbic system, primarily responsible for creating new memories
Amygdala A pair of almond shaped structures in the limbic system that processes basic emotions such as fear and aggression as well as associated memories
ThalamusA structure in the limbic system that processes and relays sensory information to the appropriate areas of the cortex
HypothalamusA small structure located below the thalamus that maintains a constant internal environment within a healthy range, helps regulate sleep wake cycles, sexual behavior and appetite
ForebrainLargest part of the brain that includes the cerebral cortex and the limbic system
MidbrainThe part of the brain stem involved in levels of arousal; responsible for generating movement patterns in response to sensory input
Reticular FormationA network of neurons running through the midbrain that controls levels of arousal and quickly analyzes sensory information on its way to the cortex
HindbrainIncludes areas of the brain responsible for fundamental life sustaining processes
PonsA hindbrain structure that helps regulate sleep wake cycles and coordinate movement between the right and left sides of the body
Medulla A structure that oversees vital functions, including breathing, digestion and heart rate
CerebellumStructure located behind the brain stem that is responsible for muscle coordination and balance ; latin for little brain
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