Psychology chapter 12 Vocab Words

wifepreacher's version from 2017-04-25 18:23

Section 1

Question Answer
Antipsychotic Drugs (neurolepticsDrugs used primarily in the treatment of SCHIZOPHRENIA and OTHER PSYCHOTIC disorders
Antidepressant drugsDrugs used primarily in the treatment of MOOD DISORDERS, especially DEPRESSION and anxiety
Anti-anxiety drugs (tranquilizers)Drugs commonly but often inappropriately prescribed for patients who complain of MODERATE FORMS OF ANXIETY, worry, or unhappiness.
Lithium carbonateA drug frequently given to people suffering from BIPOLAR DISORDER
Placebo effectThe apparent success of a medication or treatment because of the patients EXPECTATIONS OF HOPES rather than effects of the drug or treatment itself.
Electroconvulsive therapy (ECT)A PROCEDURE used in cases of prolonged and SEVERE DEPRESSION, in which a brief BRAIN SEIZURE is induced
PsychoanalysisA theory of personality and a method of PSYCHOTHERAPY, developy by SIGMUND FREUD, that emphasizes the exploration of unconscious motives and conflicts
TransferenceIn psychodynamic therapies, a critical process in which the client TRANSFERS UNCONSCIOUS EMOTIONS or reactions, such as emotional feelings about his or her parents, onto the therapist.
Behavior therapyA form of therapy that applies principles of CLASSICAL AND OPERANT conditioning to help people change self-defeating or problematic BEHAVIORS.
Graduated exposureIn behavior therapy, a method in which a person suffering from a phobia or panic attack is GRADUALLY taken into the feared situation or exposed to a traumatic memory until the anxiety subsides.

Section 2

Question Answer
FloodingIn behavior therapy, a form of exposure treatment in which the client is TAKEN DIRECTLY INTO A FEARED SITUATION until his panic subsides.
Systematic desensitizationIn behavior therapy, a STEP-BY-STEP PROCESS of DESENSITIZING a client to a feared object or experience
Behavioral self-monitoringIn behavior therapy, a method of keeping CAREFUL DATA ON THE FREQUENCY AND CONSEQUENCES of the behavior to be changed
Skills trainingIn behavioral therapy, an effort to teach the client SKILLS that he may lack, as well as new constructive behaviors to replace self-defeating ones.
Cognitive therapyA form of therapy designed to identify and change irrational, unproductive WAYS OF THINKING and hence, to reduce negative emotions and their self-defeating consequences.
Humanist therapyA form of psychotherapy based on the philosophy of HUMANISM, which emphasizes the client's free will to change rather than past conflicts.
Client-centered therpayA humanist approach, devised by Carl Rogers, which EMPHASIZES THE THERAPIST'S EMPATHY with the client and the use of unconditional positive regard.
Existential therapyA form of therapy designed to help clients explore the meaning of EXISTENCE and face the great questions of life
Family-systems perspectiveAn approach to doing therapy with individuals or FAMILIES by identifying how each FAMILY MEMBER forms part of a larger interacting system
Randomized controlled trialsResearch designed to determine the effectiveness of a new medication or form of therapy, in which people with a given problem or disorder are RANDOMLY assigned to one or more treatment groups or to a CONTROL group.