Psychology Chapter 12 Terms

futureradtech's version from 2017-07-31 00:33

Section 1

Question Answer
StressThe response to perceived threats or challenges resulting from stimuli or events that cause strain
StressorsStimuli that cause physiological, psychological and emotional reactions
Eustress The stress response to agreeable or positive stressors
DistressThe stress response to unpleasant and undesirable stressors
PTSDA psychological disorder characterized by exposure to or threatened by an event involving death, serious injury or sexual violence; can include disturbing memories, nightmares, flashbacks and other distressing symptoms
Acculturative StressStress that occurs when people move to new countries or cultures and must adjust to a new way of life
Social SupportThe assistance we acquire from others
Daily HassiesMinor and regularly occurring problems that can act as stressors
Uplifts Experiences that are positive and have the potential to make one happy
General Adaptation SyndromeA specific pattern of physiological reactions to stressors that includes the alarm stage, resistance stage and exhaustion stage
Health Psychology The study of the biological, psychological and social factors that contribute to illness and health
Lymphocyte Type of white blood cell produced in the bone marrow whose job is to battle enemies such as virus and bacteria
Psychoneuroimmunology The field that studies the relationship among psychological factors, the nervous system and immune system functioning

Section 2

Question Answer
Approach-Approach Conflict A type of conflict in which one must choose between two or more options that are attractive
Approach-Avoidance Conflict A type of conflict that occurs when faxed with a choice or situation that has favorable and unfavorable outcomes
Avoidance-Avoidance Conflict A type of conflict in which one is faced with two or more options that are unattractive
BurnoutEmotional, mental and physical fatigue that results in reduced motivation, enthusiasm and performance
CopingThe cognitive, behavioral and emotional abilities used to effectively manage something that is perceived as difficult or challenging
Primary Appraisal One's initial assessment of a situation to determine its personal impact and whether it is irrelevant, positive, challenging or harmful
Secondary Appraisal An assessment to determine how to respond to a challenging or threatening situation
Problem Focused Coping A coping strategy in which a person deals directly with a problem by attempting to solve and address it head on
Emotion Focused Coping A coping strategy in which a person addresses the emotions that surround a problem, as opposed to trying to solve it
Type A PersonalityCompetitive, Aggressive, Impatient and often Hostile pattern of behaviors
Type B Personality Relaxed, Patient, and Nonaggressive pattern of behaviors
Hardiness A personality characteristic indicating an ability to remain resilient and optimistic despite intensely stressful situations
BiofeedbackA technique that involves providing visual or auditory information about biological processes, allowing a person to control physiological responses (for example, heart rate, blood pressure and temperature)

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